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Bienal Americana de Arte records, 1961-1969, 1977

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Title: Bienal Americana de Arte records
Dates: 1961-1969, 1977
Number: 970074
Creator/Collector: Bienal Americana de Arte
Extent: 20.61 Linear Feet (26 boxes, 9 flatfile folders, 1 roll)
Abstract: The Bienal Americana de Arte records document the series of art salons and biennials sponsored by Industrias Kaiser Argentina (IKA). The biennials were important events for exhibiting contemporary art in Latin America in the 1960s. Although regional in focus, they attracted significant international attention. An experimental music section in 1966 featured John Cage among several Latin American composers. The archive documents the planning, realization, and reception of the biennials, as well as two contemporary Latin American art salons.
Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record for this collection. Click here for the access policy.
Language: Collection material is in Spanish; Castilian with some English.
Repository: The Getty Research Institute
Special Collections
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles 90049-1688
reference@getty.edu
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
(310) 440-7390
Author: Alexis Adkins

Biographical/Historical Note

The Bienales Americana de Arte were important events for exhibiting contemporary art in Latin America in the 1960s. Although regional in focus, the biennials attracted significant international and critical attention.

Industrias Kaiser Argentina (IKA) began taking an interest in arts and cultural sponsorship in 1958, when it organized the first of five contemporary visual arts salons in Córdoba, Argentina. The salons were held until 1963 and featured Argentine artists working in a number of mediums. Inspired by the success of the salons, IKA organized the first Bienal Americana de Arte in 1962 and expanded its scope to include artists from the neighboring countries of Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay, in addition to Argentina. The jury was composed of a representative from each of these four countries, a representative from the Organization of the American States (OAS), and headed by British critic Sir Herbert Read.

The second Bienal, in 1964, expanded further to include artists from ten Latin American countries. Umbro Apollonio, director of the Venice Bienale, presided over a jury comprised again of representatives from each participating country and an OAS representative. Selections from the second Bienal later toured North America.

The third and final Bienal took place in 1966. By this time, the event had grown to include artists from 13 Latin American countries in addition to an Experimental Music section featuring John Cage and Earle Brown along with other contemporary musicians and composers from all over the Americas. In a departure from previous years, the jury was restricted to a small pool of internationally known art experts: Alfred Barr Jr., (Director of MoMA, N.Y.), Arnold Bode (Director of Documenta of Kassel, West Germany), Sam Hunter (Director of the Jewish Museum, N.Y.), Carlos Raul Villanueva (an internationally known Venezuelan architect), and Aldo Pellegrini (a highly respected Argentine writer and art critic). Christian Sorenson directed all three biennials and his wife, Magda, coordinated the Experimental Music section.


Scope and Content of Collection

The Bienal Americana de Arte records provide partial documentation of the planning, realization, and reception of Salons IV and V and Bienales I, II, and III. The Salons are grouped into one series, each Bienal into its own series, and there is a separate series for the Experimental Music section.

All of the series include administrative papers and ephemera. The third and fourth series have more extensive and varied records -- including correspondence, photographs, and slides -- which reflect the growing scope and impact of the second and third biennials. The series for the Experimental Music section includes correspondence with and a score by John Cage, and audio recordings of works by the following composers: Earle Brown, Alcides Lanza, Nelly Moretto, and Jorge de la Vega in addition to two compilations.

Arrangement

Arranged in five series:


Series I. Salons, 1961-1967;
Series II. I Bienal Americana de Arte, 1961-1963;
Series III. II Bienal Americana de Arte, 1963-1967;
Series IV. III Bienal Americana de Arte, 1961-1969, 1977;
Series V. Experimental Music, 1962-1969, 1977.


Restrictions

Access

Open for use by qualified researchers, except for unreformatted audio visual materials.

Publication Rights

Contact Library Rights and Reproductions.


Indexing Terms

Subjects - Topics

Art, Latin America -- 20th century
Avant-garde (Music)

Genres and Forms of Material

Black-and-white photographs -- Latin America -- 20th century
Color slides -- Latin America -- 20th century
Photographic prints
Photographs, Original
Proceedings
Sound recordings

Contributors

Apollonio, Umbro, 1911-1981
Barr, Alfred H., Jr., 1902-1981
Bienal Americana de Arte
Bode, Arnold, 1900-1977
Brown, Earle, 1926-2002
Cage, John
Hunter, Sam, 1923-2014
Industrias Kaiser Argentina
Lanza, Alcides
Moretto, Nelly, 1925-1978
Pellegrini, Aldo
Read, Herbert, 1893-1968
Sorenson, Christian
Sorenson, Magda
Vega, Jorge de la, 1930-1971
Villanueva, Carlos Raúl, 1900-1975

Related Material

Six monographs and eight serials were transferred to the library. These publications may be found by searching the Library Catalog for the provenance, Bienal Americana de Arte Collection.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Bienal Americana de Arte records, 1961-1969, 1977, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 970074.

http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa970074

Acquisition Information

Acquired in 1997.

Processing History

In 2010 and 2011, Alexis Adkins processed the collection and wrote the finding aid under the supervision of Andra Darlington.


Container List

Series I. Salons, 1961-1964, 1967 0.32 Linear Feet
This series includes papers regarding the administration of the fourth and fifth IKA salons, black-and-white photographs documenting the events, and related ephemera. Also included are a disassembled photograph binder and poster documenting an IKA sponsored competition for the design of a monument to honor industry in Argentina.
Arrangement
Arranged by document type.
box folder
1 1 Papers, 1963-1964, 1967, undated
1 2 Photographs, 1961, undated
1 3 Catalog and pamphlet, 1963
Industry in Argentina monument competition, 1962
box folder
1 4-6 Binder
flatfile
1** Poster
Series II. I Bienal Americana de Arte, 1961-1963 0.1 Linear Feet
Administrative papers and ephemera, as well as collected press clippings regarding the first Bienal.
Arrangement
Arranged by document type.
box folder
1 7 Papers, 1961-1963, undated
1 8 Photocopied press clippings, 1961-1962
flatfile
2** Poster, 1962
Series III. II Bienal Americana de Arte, 1963-1967 2.17 Linear Feet
This series includes official correspondence with embassies and other international and regional organizations. Press clippings, serials, black-and-white photographs and color slides document the exhibitions and events. Black-and-white photographs, both loose and mounted in binders, provide artist name, title, size, medium and price of artworks. Also included are papers, correspondence and photographs documenting the travelling exhibition Twenty South American Artists.
Arrangement
Arranged in original groupings according to function and record type.
Administration files, 1964-1965, undated
box folder
2 1 Papers, undated
2 2 Press binder, 1964
2 3 Danza Actuel, 1964, undated
Press clippings, 1964-1965, undated
box folder
2 4-6 Mexico, 1964, undated
2 7-8 Uruguay, 1964-1965, undated
2 9-10 Other countries, 1964-1965, undated
box folder
3 1-3 Serials, 1964-1965
Correspondence, 1964-1966, undated
box folder
3 4 Catlin, Staton, 1965-1966, undated
3 5 Comision de Honor, 1964
3 6 Corredera, Robert, 1965
3 7-8 Official correspondence, 1964-1966, undated
Photographic documentation, 1964-1965, undated
Loose photographs, 1964-1965, undated
box folder
4 1 Participants and officials, 1964-1965, undated
Paintings, 1964, undated
box folder
4 2 Argentina, 1964, undated
4 3 Chile, 1964, undated
4 4 Colombia, 1964, undated
4 5 Ecuador and Peru, undated
4 6 Venezuela, Uruguay, Bolivia, and Brazil, 1964, undated
4 7 Miscellaneous, 1964
Photograph binders, undated
box folder
4 8 Argentine paintings
box folder
5 1 Peruvian paintings
5 2 Uruguayan paintings
box folder
25 1-2 Color slides, 1964
flatfile
3** Poster, 1964
Twenty South American Artists, 1963-1967, undated
box folder
5 3 Administration files, 1963-1964, undated
Correspondence, 1964-1967, undated
box folder
6 1 Alloway, Lawrence, 1965-1966, undated
6 2-3 Babbit, Hal, 1965-1967, undated
6 4-5 Inter-American Foundation for the Arts, 1964-1966, undated
6 6-7 Johnson, Jack, 1965-1966, undated
6 8 Mills, Paul, 1964-1966, undated
6 9-10 Pan-American Union, 1964-1966, undated
6 11 Squirru, Rafael, 1964-1966, undated
box folder
5 4-5 Photograph binder, undated
Series IV. III Bienal Americana de Arte, 1961-1969, 1977 12.15 Linear Feet
The largest series in the collection includes administrative papers and correspondence with cultural institutions, members of the selection committees for each country, and others instrumental in planning the Bienal. Juror, special guest, and artist files include correspondence and mostly black-and-white photographs. Loose black-and-white photographs and a disassembled photo album with mostly black-and-white photographs document the artworks, exhibitions, and events. Serials include several issues of IKA's house organ, Gacetika.
William Weintraub's color slides were included in a letter from Weintraub to Christian and Magda Sorenson dated October 21, 1966.
Arrangement
Arranged in original groupings according to record type. Original groupings retained for correspondence.
Administration files, 1961-1967, undated
box folder
7 1-4 Papers, 1965-1966, undated
Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, 1965-1966, undated
box folder
7 5-5A Papers, 1965-1966, undated
flatfile
4**-6** Architectural prints, 1965-1966, undated
roll
1** Architectural print, 1965
box folder
7 6 English translation of catalog, 1966, undated
7 7 Primera Bienal Internacional de Artes Aplicadas del Uruguay, 1965, undated
Press clippings, 1966, undated
box folder
7 8-9 Originals, 1966
box folder
8 1-2 Photocopied, undated
8 3-10 Serials, 1961-1967
Correspondence, 1962-1967, undated
Arranged by correspondent, 1965-1967, undated
box folder
9 1 Arroyo, Miguel, 1966-1967
9 2 Art in America, 1966-1967
9 2A Center for Interamerican Relations, 1966
9 2B Coplans, John, 1966
9 3-5 Diament Sujo, Clara, 1965-1967, undated
9 6 Museum of Modern Art, 1967, undated
9 7 Neumann, Hans, 1965-1966, undated
9 8 Palacios, Inocente, 1965-1966, undated
9 9 Rockefeller, Rodman C., 1966
9 10 Rubin, Ida E., 1966, undated
9 11 Tamarind Lithography Workshop, 1965-1967, undated
box folder
10 1 Visión, 1966-1967, undated
Weintraub, William, 1965-1967, undated
box folder
10 2-6 Correspondence, 1965-1967, undated
box folder
25 3 Color slides, 1966
Arranged by country, 1964-1967, undated
box folder
10 7 Argentina, 1965-1966, undated
10 8 Bolivia, 1964-1966, undated
10 9-10 Brazil, 1965-1966, undated
box folder
11 1-3 Chile, 1965-1967, undated
11 4 Colombia, 1966, undated
11 5 Mexico, 1964-1967
11 6-7 Peru, 1965-1966, undated
11 8 Uruguay, 1965-1966, undated
11 9-12 Arranged by museums and cultural institutions, 1962-1967, undated
Jurors and special guests, 1964-1967, undated
Barr, Alfred, 1964-1967, undated
box folder
12 1 Papers, 1964-1967, undated
box folder
24* 1 Oversize photograph, undated
box folder
12 2 Bode, Arnold, 1965-1966, undated
12 3 Hunter, Sam, 1965-1966, undated
12 4-6 Soto, Jesús, 1965-1967, undated
12 7 Villanueva, Carlos Raúl, 1966, undated
12 8 Prospective Jurors and Special Guests, 1964-1966, undated
Artists, 1964-1967, undated
Venezuelan artists, 1964-1966, undated
box folder
13 1 Abreu, Mario, 1966, undated
13 2 Cruxent, J. M., 1964-1966, undated
13 2 Papers, 1964-1966, undated
box folder
25 4 Color photograph, undated
box folder
13 3 Cruz Diez, Carlos, 1966, undated
13 4 Hung, Francisco, 1966, undated
13 5 Leufert, Gerd, 1966, undated
13 6 Rodriguez, Alirio, 1966, undated
13 7-8 Other artists, 1966-1967, undated
Photographs, 1964-1966, undated
Loose photographs, 1964-1966, undated
box folder
14 1-2 Paintings, 1964-1966, undated
14 3-5 Exhibition and events, 1966, undated
14 6-7 Artists, 1966, undated
box
15 Photograph albums, 1966
Special exhibitions, 1965-1967, undated
box folder
16 1 Salon de Humor, 1966, undated
Train exhibition, 1965, undated
box folder
16 2 Papers, 1965, undated
box folder
23* 2 Map, undated
flatfile
7** Oversize plan, undated
box folder
16 3 Travelling exhibition of selected works, 1966-1967, undated
16 4 Xul Solar Homenaje, 1966, undated
Ephemera, 1964-1967, undated
box folder
16 5 Stamps, undated
16 6-7 Cards and stationery, 1964-1966, undated
16 8 Offprint, 1967
flatfile
8** Posters, 1966
box folder
23* 1 Flags, 1966
flatfile
9** Large flags, 1966
Series V. Experimental music, 1962-1969, 1977 5.87 Linear Feet
This series includes detailed administrative records, correspondence with composers and others, papers regarding various related events, ephemera, musical scores, and audio recordings. Also included are correspondence with and a score by John Cage and audio recordings of works by the following composers: Earle Brown, Alcides Lanza, Nelly Moretto, and Jorge de la Vega in addition to two compilations.
Arrangement
Arranged in original groupings according to function and record type.
Administration files, 1965-1967, undated
box folder
17 1 Catalog and recording sales and distribution, 1966-1967, undated
17 2 Centro de Musica Experimental, 1966
17 3 Concert documentation, undated
17 4-6 Copyright permissions, 1966, undated
17 7-8 Curricula vitae and notes on works, 1966, undated
17 9 Detail of works and papers received and catalog material, undated
17 10 Dummy notebooks, undated
17 11 English translation of composer biographies, undated
17 12 General plan, 1966, undated
17 13 Internal correspondence, 1966, undated
box folder
18 1 List of addresses, undated
18 2 List of works, undated
box folder
24* 2 Map of Córdoba with poster locations, undated
box folder
18 3-6 Miscellaneous, 1966-1967, undated
18 7-8 Other music events, 1965-1966, undated
18 9 Papers and notes for notebooks, 1965-1966, undated
18 10 Press clippings, 1966, undated
18 11 Press diffusion and special items, 1966, undated
18 12 Shipping documentation, 1966, undated
Correspondence, 1965-1969, 1977, undated
box folder
19 1 Caracas, 1965-1966, 1977, undated
Composers, 1966-1969, undated
box folder
19 2 Arrandia, Jorge Navarro, 1966
19 3 Asuar, José Vicente, 1966
19 4 Bolaños, Cesar, 1966
19 5 Brown, Earle, 1966, undated
19 6 Brunn, Herbert, 1966
19 7 Cage, John, 1966, undated
19 8 Canton, Edgardo, 1966-1969
19 9 Davidovksy, Mario, 1966
19 10 Dianda, Hilda, 1966
19 11 Etkin, Mariano, 1966
19 12 Feldman, Morton, 1966
19 13 Franchisena, Cesar, 1966
19 14 Gandini, Gerardo, 1966, undated
19 15 Hiller, Lejaren, 1966
19 16 Kagel, Mauricio, 1966-1967
19 17 Krenek, Ernest, 1966-1967
19 18 Krieger, Armando, 1966
19 19 Kropfl, Francisco, 1966
19 20 Lanza, Alcides, 1966
19 21 Martirano, Salvatore, 1966
19 22 Moretto, Nelly, 1966
19 23 Mumma, Gordon, 1966
19 24 Rondano, Miguel Angel, 1966
19 25 Roque Alsina, Carlos, 1966
19 26 Strang, Gerald, 1966
19 27 Tauriello, Antonio, 1966, undated
19 28 Ussachevsky, Vladimir, 1966
19 29 Valcarcel, Edgar, 1966-1967
19 30 Vega, Aurelio de la, 1966-1967, undated
19 31 Wolff, Christian, 1966
Copied correspondence, 1966, undated
box folder
19 32 A-D, 1966, undated
19 33 E-L, 1966, undated
box folder
20 1 M-Z, 1966
20 2 USA Originals, 1966-1968, undated
20 3-5 Composers, 1964-1966, undated
Photographs, 1966, undated
box folder
20 6-10 Black-and-white photographs 1966, undated
box folder
25 5 Color photographs, undated
box folder
21 1-5 Symposia, undated
21 6 Torino 380 W en acción, undated
Ephemera, 1965-1967, undated
box folder
21 7 Programs, offprints, envelopes, and supplement, 1965-1967, undated
box folder
23* 6 Posters, 1966
Scores, 1962-1966, undated
Bazan, Oscar, 1965, undated
box folder
21 8 Scores, 1965
box folder
24* 3 Oversize scores, 1965, undated
box folder
23* 10-12 Brown, Earle, 1962-1965, undated
box folder
21 9 Cage, John, undated
21 10 Castillo, Graciela, undated
21 11 Dianda, Hilda, undated
21 12 Echarte, Pedro, undated
box folder
23* 7 Etkin, Mariano, undated
box folder
21 13 Feldman, Morton, 1962
21 14 Ferpozzi, Carlos Alberto, undated
21 15 Gandini, Gerardo, 1966
21 16 Hiller, Lejaren, undated
21 17 Lanza, Alcides, 1966
21 18 Mumma, Gordon, undated
21 19 Pablo, Luis de undated
21 20 Rondano, Miguel Angel, 1966
box folder
23* 1A Roque Alsina, Carlos, 1965
box folder
21 21 Tosco, Virgilio, 1965
Vaggione, Horacio, 1966
box folder
21 22 Score,
box folder
23* 8 Oversize score,
23* 3-5 Valcárcel, Edgar, 1964-1966
box folder
21 23 Wolff, Christian, 1962
Unidentified, undated
box folder
21 24 Score,
box folder
23* 9 Oversize score,
box folder
21 25 Copies of drawings for slide projections, undated
Audio recordings, 1966, undated
Audio visual materials are unavailable until reformatted.
Brown, Earle, undated
box item
26 R1 "Available Forms I",
26 R2 "Available Forms I" / "From Here I",
26 R3 "From Here II",
"Voices T.O. III",
box item
26 R4 Reel-to-reel tape,
box folder
21 26 Accompanying material,
Centro de Musica Experimental, undated
box item
26 R5 "1",
26 R6 "2",
26 R7 Lanza, Alcides : "Plectros II", undated
26 R8 Moretto, Nelly : "Composition No 9-B", undated
box item
22 D1 Primeras jornadas americanas de musica experimental, 1966
box item
26 C1 Vega, Jorge de la : "El Gusanito en Persona", undated