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Francisco Valença papers, 1895-1963

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Valença (Francisco) papers

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection contains the substantial correspondence, manuscripts and caricatures that span Valença's fruitful and politically active career. His correspondence is comprised of 500 letters received from correspondents such as Manuel Aníbal da Costa Monterroso, Tomás Júlio Leal da Câmara and Artur Ernesto Santa Cruz de Magalhães, as well as other artists, poets, journalists, editors and museum directors for whom he worked. The letters represented in the collection offer an extensive overview of the artist's network in times of political change and press censorship.

Manuscript material in the collection includes unpublished manuscripts by Valença such as commentaries on his own life and work, manuscripts on the work of Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro, a manuscript on the early modernist group Group d'Aguia, and unpublished issues of the satiric journals O Garonga and Pcht!.

Original caricatures by Valença include 1200 mostly pen and ink sketches (some colored), 300 smaller pencil sketches, and 11 watercolor studies done in the studio of José Malhôa. Printed material designed by Valença such as menus, theater programs and posters are also included. The caricatures reflect the epic political shifts that occured during Valença's professional career documenting the governments of Don Carlos and Salazar as well as the events of the times, World War I, World War II and the period of Fascism.


Arranged in three series:
Series I. Correspondence, 1900-1962;
Series II. Manuscript materials, 1897-1963;
Series III. Artwork, 1895-1958.

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