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ACHAC collection, 1880-ca. 1975

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ACHAC collection
Series II. Photographs, 1895-ca. 1962 353 photographs and 14 albums
Series II.B. Photograph albums, 1898-1960 14 album(s)
Subseries II.B. continues the themes of architectural, geographic and ethnographic documentation of French Africa, as well as colonial and administrative life. All of the albums are individually cataloged in the repository's online catalog; please refer to these records for extensive descriptions.
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9 Camus, Ernest, Album photos, Soudan, Côte d'Ivoire, 1898-1905 1 album (166 photographic prints) : collodion ; 28 x 37 cm., prints 17 x 22 cm. or smaller
The album contains photographs taken by and for Ernest Camus, amateur photographer and officer in the Corps of Engineers, during his stay in West Africa from 1898 to 1905.
See also Box 7, folder 1 and Box 8, folder 13 for further Camus photographs.
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10 Photographies (Ht. Dahomey Gourma-Borgou), [ca. 1920] 1 album (85 photographic prints) : collodion, matte collodion, gelatin silver ; 27 x 33 cm., prints 18 x 13 or smaller
The seller's inventory states that this album details the career of a colonial soldier named Gourmand-Borgon, who married an African woman. However, based on caption information, the album more likely details the career of a Doctor Bartet, a European man shown with his African wife and mixed-race son. Also documented are Bartet's activities in the region of Borgou, located in the north or northeast of Benin (Haut Dahomey), and the adjacent region of Gourma, in the southeast of Burkina Faso.
Some captions barely legible: caption list available in repository.
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11 [Official visit of André Maginot to Dakar and French Sudan], [1929] 1 album (48 photographic prints) : gelatin silver ; 18 x 25 cm., prints 12 x 17 cm.
This photograph album records the official visit of André Maginot to Dakar and French Sudan, beginning with Maginot's arrival by boat on 1929 Feb. 7 and his reception by Blaise Diagne.
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12 [Views of Dakar], [ca. 1930] 1 album (48 photographic prints) : gelatin silver ; 22 x 29 cm., prints 12 x 17 cm.
The album contains images of Dakar, taken approximately in 1930. The photographs are architectural and documentary in character; people are included in some of the views.
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13 Hernandez, E, Tchèque(s)[?] voyagent au Maroc pour rendre visite à un légionnaire [de] garnison, [ca. 1930] 1 album (209 photographic prints) : gelatin silver ; 25 x 33 cm., prints 11 x 16 cm. and smaller
The album documents an automobile tour taken by a Czech-Spanish married couple through Morocco. Near the very end of the album are 18 photographs of Barcelona, including several of the 1929 International Exposition.
Captions in Czech: caption list with translations available in repository.
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14 [Views of Mali], [ca. 1940] 1 album (80 photographic prints) : collodion ; 23 x 34 cm., prints 13 x 18.5 cm.
The album contains a series of views of Mali, which are documentary and touristic in nature; they appear to have been produced by the "Service spécial de police & sûreté, Soudan français," and to have been placed into this album by an unknown private individual.
Captions on versos of photographs: caption list available in repository.
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15 Portal, Henri, [Views of Côte d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso], [1953-1956] 1 album (98 photographic prints) : collodion ; 23 x 30 cm., prints 9 x 11 cm.
The album contains uncaptioned snapshots of work and travel through Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso (then known as Haute Volta) and possibly also Ghana, taken during the mid-1950's by Henri Portal, a doctor and colonial functionary, active in hospital work in French West Africa
Henri Portal, a doctor and colonial functionary, was active in hospital work in French West Africa during the years specified.
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16-22 Desmarais, [Views of Africa]
These seven albums document the African activities of Desmarais (first name not available), a French photographer and painter based in Paris. Desmarais lived off and on in French and Belgian Africa from approximately 1929 to 1960, during which time he organized travel and hunting expeditions together with his brother; his son, Michel Desmarais, was a planter in the Belgian Congo. Seller's inventory gives date of photographs for all seven Desmarais albums as 1929 to 1960, with photographs from different time periods mingled in each album. The photographs were taken by Desmarais and other local photographers; the albums also include postcards and press bureau photographs ("clichés d'agence"). Albums and album captions were created by the author in approximately 1967 or 1969. Dates for individual photograph albums were taken from seller's inventory and should be regarded as approximate.
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16 Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 1, Senegal, Guinea, Mali], [1931-1938] 1 album (215 photographic prints) : collodion, gelatin silver ; 29 x 35 cm., prints 14 x 9 cm. or smaller
This album contains partially-captioned photographs taken predominantly in the Gambia River valley, in Senegal and possibly also Gambia, along with some shots taken in Guinea and Mali that appear at album's end. Most images are of indigenous African, mainly women, often identified by tribe, and of European hunters. The photographs, despite the dates given for them in the seller's inventory, may span up to 20 years.
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17 Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 2, Mali, Guinea, Mauritania, Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire], [1931-1951] 1 album (248 photographic prints) : collodion, gelatin silver ; 28 x 35 cm., prints 16 x 23 cm. or smaller
This album concentrates on views of Mali, Guinea, Senegal and Mauritania, with a few of Côte d'Ivoire. Subjects depicted include rivers and markets, festivals with costumed dancers and musicians (balafon and horn players and drummers), African men in boats or on horseback or camelback and women with their dress and jewelry (some with scarifications), village life, nomads with camels, and Europeans in Africa. Included are five small photograps from Maginot's 1929 visit to French Sudan (see Official visit of André Maginot to Dakar and French Sudan: box 11).
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18 Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 3, Guinea, Senegal], [1948-1951] 1 album (159 photographic prints) : gelatin silver ; 28 x 36 cm., prints 20 x 30 cm. or smaller
This album contains views of Guinea and southeastern Senegal, with emphasis on photographs of indigenous Africans, along with views of Europeans and of the Guinean highlands (Fouta Djallon and points east), with shots of rivers and waterfalls, gorges, jungle scenes, and the hill station ("station climatique") at Dalaba.
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19 Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 4, Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Mauritania], [1931-1952] 1 album (212 photographic prints) : collodion ; 30 x 39 cm., prints 18 x 24 cm. or smaller
This album contains views of Guinea, Senegal, Mali and Mauritania. Subjects include views of indigenous Africans, both in portrait shots and in village and landscape scenes, European men and women, a salt caravan, several views of a bush fire, and a group shot of European pilots on an airfield ("Dakar 1er aeroclub").
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20 Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 5, Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire], [1938-1951] 1 album (254 photographic prints) : collodion, silver gelatin ; 30 x 39 cm., prints 18 x 25 cm. or smaller
This fifth album in a series of seven contains views of Senegal, Guinea, Mali and Côte d'Ivoire. Africans are shown with their costumes and jewelry, hairstyles, and scarifications. There is a concentration of images of semi-nude African women, possibly assembled with erotic intent; some women are shown in European surroundings, sitting in armchairs or reclining on sofas. There are also views of Europeans in hunting scenes with shot game as well as together with indigenous Africans.
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21 Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 6, Mauritania, Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso], [1949-1960] 1 album (52 photographic prints) : collodion, silver gelatin ; 29 x 42 cm., prints 9 x 14 cm. or smaller
This album contains views of Mauritania, Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso. Indigenous Africans are shown in portrait shots with their jewelry, and in village scenes; there are also Europeans as well as views of coastline and industrial sites near Dakar.
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22 Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 7, Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Southern Africa], [1941-1960] 1 album (227 photographic prints) : collodion ; 29 x 40 cm., prints 25 x 18 cm. or smaller
Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 7, Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Southern Africa], : [1941-1960]

This album contains views of Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi [present-day Congo, Rwanda and Burundi], along with two small photographs of Victoria Falls and three of South Africa; there are also two postcards of people identified as being from Kenya and Uganda. Subjects include portraits of indigenous peoples including the Mwami [King] of Rwanda, Mutara III Charles Rudahigwa (given as Ludahigwa in the album); Rwandan festivities featuring dancing and large-horned cattle; European colonial family life; and landscape, agriculture, shipping and heavy machinery on the African Great Lakes.


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