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Nekes Collection of Optical Devices, Prints, and Games, 1700-1996 (bulk 1740-1920)

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Nekes Collection of Optical Devices, Prints, and Games
Series II. Cards and small printed items, circa 1750-1980
Series IIC. Transformative images, 1820-1920
This subseries contains over one hundred early 20th-century postcards mostly of European cities and sites (including German military propaganda) which, when backlit, dissolve from day to night scenes, a modern development of the vue d'optique. Also included are five polyorama discs (lacking the proper viewing device), and a set of twenty prints by William Spooner, which he called protean because, with the use of lighting, the images change. These depict English monuments, landscapes, and public events as well as biblical and war scenes.
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20 Backlit postcards, 1890-1920
129 translucent postcards of day-to-night scenes, arranged geographically. Produced in Germany and France. Number of postcards of each topic noted in parenthesis.
20 German cities
Aachen (1); Berlin (13); Bingen (1); Blankensee (1); Bremen (2); Charlottenburg (1); Chemnitz (1); Drachenfels (1); Ems (1); Frankfurt (1); Hamburg (9) (1st is planned for exhibition); Hannover (5); Heidelberg (1); Hildesheim (1); Insterburg (1); Kaiser Wilhelm Kanal (1); Karlsruhe (1); Köln (29); Leipzig (1); Mainz (4); München (7); Nürnberg (3); Potsdam (1); Riesengebirge (2); Rüdesheim (1); Schlangenbad (1); Schneekoppe (1); Stuttgart (1); Weimar (1); Wiesbaden (4).
20 Non-German cities
Barcelona (5) (1st is planned for exhibition); Bradford (1); Glasgow (4); Lilienstein (1); London (2); Paris (4); Philadelphia (1); St. Louis, Missouri (1); Tölz (1); Wien (2).
20 Miscellanea
German military propaganda (8); New year's greeting card (1).
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21 Polyorama discs
5 round paper discs (viewer not included); 1-3 on metal frame; 4-5 lacking frames; diam. 8cm. [Villa by lake]; [Castle and village]; [Harbor scene with windmill in background]; [Church interior]; [Doge palace, Venice]
21 Spooner Protean prints, 1820-1840 22 prints
London; William Spooner; 377 Strand. Prints that change when held against a light.
21 [A snow scene that, on being held before a strong light, changes to a perspective of a tunnel]
Spooner Protean view no. 2. Mounted on board; colored; 21x28.5cm.
21 St. George's Chapel Windsor Castel that changes to the splendid ceremony of the interment of King William the Fourth London
Spooner's Protean View no. 8; William Spooner; 377 Strand. 18x14cm.
21 [An Italian scene that changes to a moonlight view with a funeral procession]
Spooner protean view no. 9. Mounted on board; colored; 21x28.5cm.
21 [An Italian scene that changes to a moonlight view with a funeral procession]
Spooner protean view no. 9. Same as above; not colored; not mounted on board; without backing tissue paper.
21 Green park
Spooner protean view no.11. Title and series in pencil. mounted on board; colored; 21x28.5cm.
21 An interior of a cathedral with the celebration of midnight mass
Spooner protean view no. 23. Not mounted; colored; 18.5x22.5
21 The new house of parliament, which seems to rise from the ruins and conflagration of the old buildings
Spooner protean view no. 25. Not mounted on board; not colored; 22x19cm.
21 St. Paul Cathedral shewing the booths of the city companies & Christ's Hospital on the Queens visit to Guildhall
Spooner protean view no. 26. Captions read: "Victoria our friend / Edward our founder"; not mounted on board; not colored; 21.6x19.3cm.
21 Poet's corner, Westminster Abbey, changing to the shades of Shakespeare, Scott & Byron
Spooner protean view no. 29. Not mounted on board; colored; 22x19cm.
21 St. Jean d'Acri changing to the bombardment by the British & allied fleet, Nov.r 3.d 1840
Spooner protean view no. 39; R. S. Harst, lith, 244 Strand. Ships names read: Thunder, Phenix; not mounted on board; colored; 19x22.5cm.
21 Jordan
Scriptural [protean view] no. 3; in pencil. Colored cutout; 15x18.3cm.
21 [The city of Jerusalem changing to the entry of Our Saviour]
Scriptural protean view no. 4; by G. F. Bragg; Printed by W. Kohler. Not colored; not cut out; 19x22cm.
21 [The city of Jerusalem changing to the entry of Our Saviour]
[Scriptural protean view no. 4; by G. F. Bragg; Printed by W. Kohler].
Same as above but without title and publishing information because cut. Colored; 15x18.2cm.
21 Haverford Priory
Spooner's transparencies no. 2. Mounted on cardboard; colored; 21x28.5cm.
21 Haddon Hall-Derbyshire
Spooner's transparencies no. 6. Mounted on cardboard; colored; 21.5x28.5cm.
21 [Winter changing to summer]
Mounted on cardboard; colored; 16x20cm.
21 Chartres cathedral
Title in pencil; not mounted on cardboard; colored; 15.2x17.5cm.
21 [Coronation of queen]
Not mounted on cardboard; colored; 18.5x14.3cm.
21 [Welcome V. R.]
Banners in the scene read "Welcome V. R."; not mounted on cardboard; colored; 16.3x18.5cm.
21 [Night scene of church]
Not mounted on cardboard; colored; 14x18cm.
21 [Tunnel changing to a celebration in a park]
Unreadable caption in pencil; not mounted on cardboard; colored; 14x19cm.
21 [City scene]
Not mounted on cardboard; colored; 12x17cm.


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