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Nekes Collection of Optical Devices, Prints, and Games, 1700-1996 (bulk 1740-1920)

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Nekes Collection of Optical Devices, Prints, and Games
Series I. Prints, circa 1700-1996
Series comprises a variety of illustrations, most of which illustrate optical phenomena and the use of optical devices and toys. A few are toys designed to be manipulated so as to produce visual effects involving movement or transformation. Series is arranged in 2 subseries.
Series IA. Prints depicting optical devices and optical phenomena, 1700-1996
Anamorphosis is represented in two documentary images that illustrate how to design anamorphic projections. A print by Hogarth depicts the result of misinterpreting the rules of perspective; several prints show an early 20th-century fictional vision of scientific progress and inventions in the year 2000 (from the series En l'an 2000). One print shows the manufacture of glass, and others show various optical devices (such as the zograscope, the camera lucida, and the magic lantern) and electricity. Twelve printed items show the use of the magic lantern. In one example the magic lantern is used as a slide projector in strategic military planning. Another (oversize) print, by J.E. Shénan, illustrates the atmosphere of a magic lantern entertainment show in the late 18th century (La laterne magique). One print shows dendrites and mineral abstract compositions (see also Series III for a florentine stone whose patterns resemble a Tuscan city skyline). Other oversize prints include two prints after paintings by L. Boilly, L'Amour couronnée and L'Optique, (the latter depicts the zograscope used for entertainment at home) and three posters advertise Werner Nekes'exhibition, Schatten Projektionen (held in Germany in Spring 1993), and his film series, Was geschah wirklich zwischen den Bilder? in which Nekes shows artifacts from his collection, many of which are now in the Getty collection.
Southwark Fair (after Hogarth) and four other prints illustrate various types of peepshow boxes and depict itinerant showmen carrying peepshows on their backs. The optical phenomenon known as persistence of vision is represented in a technical print which depicts a praxinoscope, and in a small advertising image for a zoetrope. A Lavater engraving shows how profiles may be traced by means of projected shadows. A manual contains instructions on how to cast shadows on a wall.
Also included are prints with moveable or foldable parts (such as the cutout forms from the Imagerie d'Épinal, designed to turn in the wind, and a satirical image depicting a couple whose heads revolve). Other printed items for children are meant to be cutup and reassembled.
box folder
1* 1 [Engraving about anamorphosis after J. Holbein painting], circa 1850
Paris; chez Chereau et Joubert, rue des Mathurins aux deux Pilliers d'Or; J. A. Piérron Sculp.
1* 1 [2 prints about anamorphosis], 1753
From Alexandre Savérien, Dictionnaire Universal de Mathematique et de Physique. Paris. Tome I, plate XXXV and plate XXXVII.
1* 2 Le Verre, 1850s-1870s
Paris; Typographie E. Meyer, 22 rue de Verneuil; From: Delbrück, Jules. Les récréations instructives. Paris: G. Borrani. circa 1860-62. Vol. I. Illustrates glass manufacturing and a magic lantern and a peepshow; Colored engraving; 30x39cm.
1* 2 Das Ballongespenst, 1889?
Germany; Gebrüder Kröner; Original-zeichnung von C.G.Robech. Date handwritten on verso. Wood engraving depicting reflection; 32x24cm.
1* 3 [Color wood engraving with 12 scenes], 1800s
Printed in The Netherlands. One of the scenes depicts the zograscope; 30x37cm.
1* 3 [Camera lucida], 1800s
Printed image from a German magazine.
1* 4 Catoptrics: plate CXXVIII, circa 1800
A Bell Prin. Wal. sculptor fecit. Engraving; 26.5x20cm.
1* 4 El progreso científico; El Fotófono : Aparatos Para "oir la luz" y "ver el sonido, 1890
Spain. Engraving from unidentifed printed source; 15x24cm.
1* 5 Whoever makes a design without the knowledge of perspective will be liable to such obscurities as are shown in the print, 1700s
England, W. Hogarth, J. Moore Sculp. Engraving; 14.5x12 cm.
1* 5 L' Electricité, undated
Paris. Showing uses of electricity. Colored wood engraving; 26x37.5cm.
1* 6-9 En l'an 2000, circa 1900
8 color lithograph sheets with 82 cards whose images envision life in the year 2000 (including one with caption, Correspondance Cinéma-Phono-Télégraphique); 10.5 x 12.5 cm. and smaller. 2 prints per folder.
1* 10 Mr. & Mrs. Caudle during the various curtain lectures, 1800s
London, published by William Spooner, 377 Strand; Kohler & L'Enfant lith. Printers. Two prints with moving parts, with revolving heads. Color lithograph; 32x25 cm. Fragile.
1* 10 Carriage at pleasure, 1860
France. With fold-up window. Colored engraving; 23x28 cm.
1* 11 Naturspiele: Dendriten and Florentiner Ruinen-Marmor, 1700s
Germany, J.H. Schnuzer. Color engraving with three figures showing dendrites and the Florentine stone; with related text (Miscellanea, Vol IX, No. 28) in German, French, Latin, and Hungarian (?); 25x20cm.
See also Box 30 for a Florentine / Tuscany stone.
1* 11 Constructions Petit, 1870s?
Imagerie de P. Didion, à Metz, Delhalt Successeur; Déposé à Metz et à Nancy. Format Transformations no. 71. Transformation pictures for children on one sheet meant to be cut up in order to form new pictures. Color wood engraving; 38x26cm.
1* 12 [Cut-out shapes for children] undated
French; Imagerie d'Épinal; Pellerin & Cie. To create mechanical forms animated by wind. 3 color wood engravings.
1* 12 Moulin à vent 2 sheets, No 1001, 1024.
1* 12 Scierie No. 1006.
1* 12 La Maison du Forgeron No. 1002. 29.5 x 40 cm.
1* 13 Decoraciones de Teatro, 1840 3 items
Barcelona; Lit. de hijos de Paluzíe. Color wood engravings; 37x46 cm.
1* 13 Decoraciones de teatro de casa rustica #1007
1* 13 Decoraciones de teatro: Bastidores #1020
1* 13 Decoraciones de teatro de sala #1020
1* 14 Galerie Militaire Française Rébus Images, circa 1800
Lyon; chez Giraud freres et Gayet; rue Bonneveau. Engraving with 36 scenes. No 16. 28.5x38.5cm.
1* 15 [Robertson Lantern], 1840
France. Printed image from unidentifed French journal.
1* 15 3 color greeting cards that depict magic lanterns, circa 1900
France. La lanterne magique; Amitié sincère; [Children watching a magic lantern show].
1* 15 [Magic lantern show and turning pictures], 1900s
Cop. by C. Delattre No. 9; Lilla Nygatan; 9 Stock-holm, Sweden No. 4028. Color greeting card / postcard; 15.5x10.5cm.
1* 16 Geistererscheinung auf der Bühne, 1864
Phantasmagoria. Wood engraving, torn from unidentified German publication.
1* 16 Reproduction photographischer Depeschen durch die Laterna magica während der Belagerung von Paris, 1877
Germany; from: Das Buch der Erfind., 7 Aufl., II Bd., p.32. On the use of the magic lantern for educational / military / strategic purposes; 16.5x24.5cm. Cut from publication.
1* 17 La Lanterne Magique : Diogène faisant voir la lanterne magique à Alexandre, circa 1850
No. 1; Chez Aubert & Cie. Pl. de la Bourse; Imp. d'Aubert & Cie. 23x30.5cm.
1* 18 Laterna magica : zauberbilder, circa 1900
Germany, Munich; Mün-chener Bilderbogen; Hof. und Universitätis Buch-druckerei von Dr. C. Wolf & Sohn in München; Herausgegeben und verlagt von Braun & Schneider. No. 128 and No. 129; 2 sheets, 4 pictures each; 44.5x35.5cm.
1* 18 La lanterne magique, 1800s
France; N.o 60; Ces dessins ornent les enveloppes co-miques qu'on trouve chez M. M. Aubert; pictures signed T. Maurisset. 1 sheet, 3 pictures, with captions: La lanterne magique d'Aubert; Le premier jour de l'année; Les indiscrétions. 8x14cm. For framed prints depicting the magic lantern, see also Boxes 71*-72**.
1* 19 La foire = Der Jaarmarkt, 1700s
The Netherlands. No 11; Shows the trades at the fair, including the peepshow Captions in French and Dutch. Hand-colored; 34x36cm.
1* 20 [Trades and occupations including man with a portable peepshow], 1800s
Germany; Nurnberg; bei Fr. Campe. Color engraving; 27x44cm.
1* 20 [Chinese peep box], 1800s
Color engraving.
1* 21 Southwark Fair, 1796
England; engraved by J. Phillibronn. from original by William Hogarth; Jones & Co. Temple of the Muses, Finsbury Square. Published also in Il mondo nuovo as work by T. Cook (c.1744-1818). Etching; 12.5x16.5cm. on mount 20x23.3cm.
1* 21 Oh raree shoe = Rare chose a voir = Chi vuol veder meraviglie, circa 1950
England; Mauron delin.; P. Tempest exc. No. 22. Color engraving.
1* 22 Le Praxinoscope, jouet d'optique, 1879
Framed print; 14x9.5cm. Cut from a French magazine.
1* 22 Kaléidoscope [i.e. Zoetrope], 1880s-1890s
France; Cambrai. Advertisement for la Chicorée Nouvelle, by Casiez-Bourgeois; Titled mistakenly: Kaléidoscope. 10.2x6cm. Shows children playing with a zoetrope. Lithograph.
1* 23 Image Contre-Révolutionnaire: Silhouette de Louis XVI au menton du sans - culotte, 1790s
France. Etching; 20.5x13.5cm.
1* 24 Art of Shadowgraphy : how it is done, 192?
London; By Trewey; Print. Publi.d by Jordison & Co., Ltd., 40 Gerrard St., Shaftesbury Ave., W. and at Middlesbrough. 16pp. booklet; 22cm.
1* 24 Chocolat de Beukelaer, undated 15 card(s)
Advertising cards with silhouette figures, on black sheets of paper. From The Netherlands?
1* 25 Method of taking profiles, undated
Lavater Silhouettier-Stuhl. Engraving; 16.8x9.8cm.
1* 25 Megalographie, 1870
France; Testu & Massin, Paris. 3 chromolithographs showing the use of megalographs. Advertisement cards "Au bon marche;" Aristide Boucicaut; 8x12cm.
71* [Magic Lantern] undated
France; Pegard or Degard. Engraving, framed.
72** La laterne magique, 1790
J.E. Shénan pinx.; J. Ouvrier sculp; A Paris chez l'Auteur Place Maubert, chez Mr Bellot Md Bonnetier au Soleil d'or. "dediée a Son Altesse Sérénissime Monseigneur le Prince Palatin du Rhin Duc régnant des Deux Ponts." Engraving.
73** L'optique, 1790s
French; [Peint par L.Boilly]; [(La Bassée 1761 - Paris 1845)]; [Gravé par F. Cazenave] [(Paris 1770-?)]; [A Paris chez l'Auteur, Rue Jacques N. 13 en face de la rue de la parcheminerie]; [Imprimé par Finot]. Engraving; 55.3 x 45.7 cm.
74** L'Amour couronn, undated
Peint par L. Boilly; Gravé par J. F. Cazenave. Engraving; 55 x 45 cm. in frame 79 x 64.5 cm.
1** Posters advertising an exhibition and a film by Werner Nekes, 1993-1996 3 items
1** Schatten Projektionen : Ausstellung vom 3. April bis 18. Mai 1993
1** Was geschah wirklich zwischen den Bilder? 2 copies
Series IB. Vues d'optique and translucent prints, circa 1700-1976
A large group of translucent illustrations, meant to be viewed with backlighting, includes 35 German and French vues d'optique (pricked and non-pricked prints), several French pin-pricked prints, and English polyorama images. See also Series III for translucent objects, such as the lithophane depicting Napoleon III, the porcelain lamp shade, and a moonlight scene printed on gauze cloth.
2* Non-pricked vues d'optique, circa 1700-1976
2* 1 Vue de la Porte et Place Bourgogne sur le Port de la Ville de Bordeaux, undated
Paris; chez J. Chereau, rue S.t Jacques. No.114; mounted on wood; color engraving.
2* 1 [Cityscape] undated
Representing a walled city by a river; On verso: hard to read handwritten captions. Colored engraving; 17.5x26.3 cm.
2* 2 Thuscana Visus, undated
Iustus Sadeler excudit. 1 print, part of series on 5 senses. 24.5x36.5cm. Cfr. Il Mondo Nuovo, p.239, Catalogo Remon-dini series on 5 senses; cfr. also catalog Probst, ibid. p.72.
2* 2 Prospectus Interior Ecclesiae S.ti Pauli in Roma = L'interieur de S.t Paul de Rome, between 1740-1775
Paris; chez Daumont, rue St. Martin; Anne Fonbonne Sculp. 7.e Vue d'optique representant; on paper, not stiffened; 33x47.5cm. The caption's format compares with the Vauxhall gardens vue d'optique Box 3, f. 3. See also pricked vue d'optique of St. Paul's in Rome church interior Box 3, f. 7.
2* 3 [Neoclassic fountain in foreground with palace in background] 1700s
Blackened on frame, no caption visible; 26.5x36.5cm.
2* 3 L'Eglise de St. Pierre a Rome, undated
Representing an entrance. Title handwritten on verso. 26x41.5cm.
2* 4 Vue de l'hospital des enfants trouvés a Londres. The Foundling Hospital of London, Act of Parl't 1 May 1756
Paris; chez Basset, rue S. Jacques a S.e Genevieve. 30x43cm.
2* 4 Netley Abbey, undated
London; Reeves & sons Cheapside & W. Morgan 64 Hutton. G. W.'s Dioramic views: No.[3], number in pencil; l9.5x15 cm.
2* 5 Mont Blanc, 1838 October 12
London; published by Wm. Morgan, 25 Bart-letts Buildings, Holborn. No 16; Morgan's Improved Protean Scenery; 17x25cm.
2* 5 [Crystal palace] 1851 May
England; London; publ. by William Spooner, 379 Strand.; G. F. Bragg del.
Verso: Spooner's Protean View of the Great Exhibition of All Nations: Changing the Exterior to the Interior View of the Building, London. Recto: The Crystal palace, As Seen From Kensington Gardens, London. 23x28.5cm.
See Box 21 for more images by William Spooner.
2* 6 Thames Tunnel, London, circa 1850
England; London; publ. by William Spooner; 379 Strand. 15.5x24cm.
2* 6 [Volcano] undated
Denmark; Alfred Jacobsen. No. 2; backlit translucent print; 31x37cm.
2* 7 [Alchemist laboratory] 1976
Denmark; Alfred Jacobsen. F456. Backlit translucent print; 27x39cm.
2* 7 [Enchanted garden] 1976
Denmark; Alfred Jacobsen. F440. Backlit translucent print; 27x39cm.
2* 8 [Castle interiors] 1799 Feb 16
London; Publ.d at R. Ackermann; 101 Strand; Mannskirsch del. & sculp.
Two lithographs with colored paper backing; b&w; print size: No.17: 47x34.5cm.; No.18: 47x34.5cm.
3 Pricked vues d'optique, 1740-1810
3 1 Nan-hsiung, circa 1750-1810
Augsbourg; Negoce co-mun de l'Academie Im-periale d'Empire des Arts libereaux; Gravé par Francois Xav. Haber-mann; Vue de Nanhung; Nanhung: Ist die 3te Haupt Granz und Zoll Stadt, in der chinesischen Provinz Quantung, wobei ein Wasser fliesset, welches so schwarz wie eine Dinte, u. worinen doch die geschmackhaffteste Fische sich befunden auch ist hier die beste schwarze Erde anzutreffen, worauss der berühmte chinesische Dusch oder schwarze Farbe versertiget wird. Also with equivalent text in French. Collection des prospects; 31x44cm.
3 2 Les pyramides de l'Egypte, circa 1750-1810
Pyramides Aegyptiae, miraculum mondi tertium = Les pyramides de l'Egypte, troisieme miracle du monde = I [sic] piramidi d'Egitto, il terzo miracolo del mondo = Die egyptischen Pyramiden, dritte Wunderwerck der Welt. Med. Fol.o Augsburg; Georg Baltha-sar Probst excud. A. V. No 43; 31x44cm.
3 3 Prospectus majoris deambulatorii horti Vauxhall ab Introitu = La vue de la Grande Allee du Jardin de Vauxhall prise de l'Entrée, 1740-1775
Paris chez rue [St. Martin]. 24e Vue d'optique representant... 31x45cm.
3 4 Palais du Rois de Pologne, undated
A view of Bilnitz in Saxony one of the Palaces of the King of Poland = vue de Bilntz, en Saxe, un des palais du roi de Pologne. Etching; 28.5x43.5cm.
3 5 Pyrotechnicae repraesentationis splendidissimae typus = Réprésentation d'un superbe feu d'artifice, circa 1766-1790
[Augsburg; G. Balthasar Probst] Cf. Il Mondo Nuovo, p.72. Med. Fol.o N.o 53. Fireworks in honor of Joseph II. Engraving; 31x44.5cm.
3 6 [Prospectus magni mercatus versus Ecclesie B.B.M./ad Monachium. = Vue du grand Marchè vers l'Eglise de Notre Dame a Mume] undated
[Bassano; Remondini]? Caption / title taken from Il Mondo Nuovo, p.228, Catalogo Remondini. 30x45cm.
3 7 St. Paul de Rome. The inside of S Pauls Church in Rome = Vue interieur de l'Eglise de S Paul de Rome, 1740-1775
Paris; chez Daumont rue St. Martin. 28x44cm. See Box 2*, f.2 for a less fine copy of this vue d'optique.
3 8 Prospectus ecclesiae Sanctae Mariae Majoris, undated
View of the church in Rome. After Piranesi. 29x44cm.
3 9 Theatre de Marcelluz a Rome: Vue du fameux Theatre de Marcelluz a Rome, undated
Paris; chés Huquier fils, Graveur, rue St. Jacques. Etching; 28x44cm.
3 10 L'amphitheatre de Rome, circa 1750-1810
Amphitheatrum romanum, miraculum mundi sextum = L'amphitheatre de Rome, sixieme miracle du monde = L'amfiteatro di Roma, il sesto miracolo del mondo = Der grosse runde Schauplaz zu Rom, sechste Wunderwerk der Welt, Augsburg; Georg Bal-thasar Probst excud. AV. Med. Fol.o No 43; 31x44cm. Cf. Vedereviaggiare, p.72.
3 11 Vue de la place St. Charles de Turin, 1740-1775
Paris; chez Daumont rue St. Martin. Etching; 28x44cm. Vue Perspective de la place St. Charles de Turin et de la porte neuve dans l'eloignement; Cf. Vedereviaggiare, p.116.
3 12 Gezic[ht] [na de Ra]am Poort [te Am]sterdam = Vue de la Porte des Rame à Amsterdam, circa 1750-1810
Amsterdam; by P. Fouquet junior; 29.5x44.5cm. Found in Catalogus 115 prenten Amsterdam, p.19.
3 13 Gesigt het Buyten-Hof na het Hof te zien in 's Gravenhage = Vue du Buyten-Hof, vers la Cour a la Haye = Veduta del Buyten-Hof, verso la corte a Haia = Prospect des Buyten-Hof, gegen Hof anzusehen, zu Grafenhaag, undated
202; Etching; 30.5x43 cm.
3 14 Winter gezigt van t'Hage: van de zyde van het westland, 1757
Title handwritten on verso; date handwritten on piece. Iceskating scene. 30x44.5cm.
3 15 Gesigt van de inside van de Kirck te Gouda, circa. 1750-1810
Title handwritten on verso; 29.5x44.5cm.
3 16 Vue du Promontore du Bonne Esperance, circa 1750-1810
Gravé par I. Riedet? Prospect des Vorgeburges der Guten Hoffnung = Vue du promontoir de Bonne Esperance. Collection des prospects; 31x45cm.
In Il mondo nuovo F. Riedel is listed as one of the artists active at the Kaiserlich Franziskische Akademie.
3 17 Banque des Marchands à Stockholm, 1755-1790
[Augsburg; Academie imperiale d'Empire des arts liberaux...] Collection des Prospects.; 29x44cm.
3 18 Vue de Saalstadt. Lust Pallast zu Saalstadt des Königes von Schweden = Vue de Saalstadt Palais d'Été de S. M. le Roi de Suede, 1750-1810
Augsbourg ou Negoce comun de l'Academie Imperiale d'Empire des Arts liberiaux; Jaques [sic] Miller delin.; Gravé par Jean Benoit Winkler. Collection des Prospects; 30x43cm.
3 19 [Lightning and shipwreck] circa 1750-1810
4-5 Pin-pricked images, 1750-1851
Composed entirely from pin-pricks unless otherwise noted.
4 [Flower bouquet] undated
Image à l'Aiguille. Produced in France. 36x23 cm.; on cream-colored paper.
4 [Bird] undated
Image à l'Aiguille. Produced in France. 14x22 cm.; on cream-colored paper.
5 [Man standing with stick and pitcher] or 1750 1780
Pin-prick and watercolor drawing; in wooden frame with glass; 30x24.3cm.
5 Urania's mirror or, a view of the heavens; pictures of the constellations, 1825
London, Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand. Print on box lid: Sid[ne]y Hall. sculp[si]t. Cardboard box, wit23.5x17.5x3cm., contains 32 pricked etchings of the constellations on with white backing paper.
6-7 Polyorama images, 1851
6 L'hiver et l'ete, 1851
France; Lemaire. No. 69. 1 polyorama image, meant to be backlit, framed in wood for support but without viewing device; 26x33.5 cm.
7 Polyorama images, 1851 18 images
France; Lemaire. 14.5x20cm.. Fragile: 1-11 in bad condition, some ripped. See Box 70** for viewer.
7 Le palais de Cristal Extérieur et Intérieur (Londres)
7 Place de la Concorde, Paris
7 Salle de l'Opera a Paris
7 L'hiver et l'eté
7 Charing Cross
7 Temple - Bar Londres
7 Le nouveau parlement (Londres)
7 Le beau temps et l'Orage
7 La tour de Londres
7 Versailles
7 La messe de minuit
7 La messe de minuit
7 S.t Bavon à Gand
7 Chemin de Fer
7 Londres et le tunnel
7 Palais Royal
7 Chapelle de Holy-rood (Edimbourg): Exterieur et intérieur
7 Champs Elysées à Paris
7 Palerme : environs de Palerme
8 [Napoleon III] 1860s 15.5x12.5cm.
France. Lithophane picture.
See Box 63** for another example.
9 [Moonlight] 1830
France. Pencil drawing on paper and thin fabric; in oval paper mat, in glass and wood frame; 23.5x28.5cm.

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