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William Butterfield architectural and design drawings, 1838-1896

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Title: William Butterfield architectural and design drawings
Dates: 1838-1896
Number: 850998
Creator/Collector: Butterfield, William
Extent: 290 items
Abstract: British architect. Butterfield's drawings and estimates partially document 25 architectural projects (churches, schools, and hospitals), and 67 drawings are designs for ecclesiastical objects. The collection represents the types of commissions Butterfield received and illustrates his promotion of the Gothic Revival style.
Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record for this collection. Click here for the access policy.
Language: Collection material is in French
Repository: The Getty Research Institute
Special Collections
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles 90049-1688
reference@getty.edu
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
(310) 440-7390
Author: Alan Tomlinson and J. Gibbs.

Biographical / Historical Note

William Butterfield (1814-1900) was a British architect known for the Gothic revival style he championed. He studied with E. L. Blackburne and set up his own practice in 1840. A member of the Cambridge Camden Society, later the Ecclesiastical Society, he contributed designs to their journal The Ecclesiologist. Most of his work was for church designs, apart from that for schools and colleges (Rugby School and Keble College Oxford), and the Winchester County Hospital. Perhaps his best-known building is the All Saints Church, Margaret Street, London (1849-1859). The Royal Institute of British Architects awarded the Gold Medal to Butterfield in 1884.


Scope and Content of Collection

A broadly representative selection of drawings for building and manufacture of designs, representing the various types of commissions Butterfield received and illustrating his work in promoting Gothic Revival. Also included are building estimates as well as record drawings (measured drawings) of buildings not designed by Butterfield.

Building designs include drawings for 25 projects: churches and chapels, schools and hospitals. 58 plans, elevations, sections, and details (altars, screens, choir stalls, pavement patterns, pulpits, fonts, etc.) document the following church and chapel buildings: Severn-Stoke Church, 1838-1839; All Saints, Babbacombe, Devon, 1865-1874 (3); All Saints, Hastings, 1888-1889 (1); Ault Hucknall, Derbyshire, 1885-1888 (1); Balliol College Chapel, Oxford, ca. 1856 (1); Caterham Barracks Chapel, 1885-1887 (3); Christ Church, Albany St., London, 1883-1884 (2); Dalton, Yorkshire, 1868 (1); Fulham Palace Chapel, ca. 1864-1867; St. Andrew's, Rugby, ca. 1877 (4); St. Alban's, Baldwins Gardens, ca. 1855 (1); St. Augustine's, Bournemouth, 1891-1892 (1); St. Augustine's, South Kensington, London, ca. 1870 (5); St. Bartholomew Hyde, Winchester, 1865 (1); St. Bee's, Cumberland, 1886 (1); St. Clement's, Hastings, 1872-1876 (1); St. Denis, East Hatley, Cambridgeshire, ca. 1874 (8); St. Mary Magdalene, Enfield, 1881-1883 (3); St. Mary's Warwick, 1886 (1); St. Michael's, Winchester, 1879-1882 (1); Sedgebarrow, Worcestershire, 1867-1868 (1); Shaw, Berkshire, 1875-1878 (1); Tottenham All Hallows Church, 1875 (1); Winchester College, Large Chapel (1); also unidentified designs, including a design for a sculpture on the theme of the Passion, 1877. 120 drawings document designs for St. Michael's Hospital, Axbridge, Somerset (1878-1882) and Rugby School (1867-1885).

Ecclesiastical objects designed by Butterfield are documented with drawings of furnishings and ritual objects. Butterfield's designs for church plate were adapted for use internationally, representative examples having been published by the Ecclesiological Society (formerly the Cambridge Camden Society) between 1847 and 1856. Many have materials and sizes indicated. The types represented: alms dish (3); altar frontal (1); candlestick (9); cathedra (1); chalice, paten and alms dish (3); communion service (1); cruet (1); desk (3); ewer (1); flagon (5); hinge (1); lectern (11); lighting fixture (16); litany stool (1); memorial (6); vase (4).

Estimates include 10 letters about manufacture of objects and work with contractors. A few drawings in other series include attached estimates.

Memorials include six identified designs and a memorial in Romsey Abbey for an unidentified person.

Record drawings, not by Butterfield, document Great Mongeham Church, Kent (14 drawings) and St. John the Baptist, Shottesbrooke, Berkshire (17 items), prepared for the 1844 publication on the building by the Oxford Architectural Society as an example of the English Gothic style. Also, one original print after a drawing by Butterfield of the Shottesbrooke Church.

Arrangement note

Arranged in five series:
Series I. Building designs;
Series II. Ecclesiastical objects;
Series III. Estimates;
Series IV. Memorials;
Series V. Record drawings


Restrictions

Access

Open for use by qualified researchers.

Publication Rights

Contact Library Rights and Reproductions.


Indexing Terms

Subjects - Corporate Bodies

Rugby School

Subjects - Topics

Architecture, Medieval -- Great Britain.
Architecture-Great Britain-19th century
Church architecture -- Designs and plans
Church buildings
Church decoration and ornament
Hospital buildings -- Designs and plans.
Schools -- Designs and plans.

Genres and Forms of Material

Architectural drawings (visual works)
Design drawings

Contributors

Butterfield, William

Related Material

Digitized Material

Images are available online: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/850998


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William Butterfield architectural and design drawings, 1814-1900, Library, The Getty Research Institute, Accession no. 850998.

http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa850998

Acquisition Information

Acquired in 1985.

Processing History

Processed by Alan Tomlinson.


Container List

Series I. Building designs, 1838-1896, undated 173 items
Scattered drawings for building designs include details and technical drawings. Most of the drawings are for churches or related buildings. Some drawings are for the Rugby School and the Cheddar Hospital. Two folders hold unidentified architectural drawings.
box folder
1* 1 Severn-Stoke Church, 1838-1839
Severn-Stoke Church

Architectural detail.
Flatfile
1** All Saint's Church, Hastings [Sussex], 1869-1870
All Saint's Church, Hastings [Sussex]

Design for the East wall of chancel.
Flatfile
2** East Hatley Church, 1874
East Hatley Church

Ground plan, 2 elevations, South and North elevations, several sections and details.
box folder
1* 2 Tottenham All Hallows Church [Greater London], 1875
Tottenham All Hallows Church [Greater London]

Design for heating system. See also Series III, for estimate of installation.
Rugby School [Warwickshire], 1878-1879
Flatfile
3** Temple Reading Room and Art Museum
Temple Reading Room and Art Museum

Flatfile
4** Proposed buildings and school rooms
Proposed buildings and school rooms

box folder
1* 3 Belfast St. Mark's Church, Dundela [Ireland], 1876
Belfast St. Mark's Church, Dundela [Ireland]

Design for the east wall.
St. Michael's Home, Cheddar [Axbridge, Somerset], 1878-1882
box folder
1* 4 Block plan, basement and cellar plans
Block plan, basement and cellar plans

1* 5 First floor plan and plan of roof
First floor plan and plan of roof

1* 6 Three sections and four sections
Three sections and four sections

1* 7-8 Lodge
Lodge

box folder
2* 1 Details
Details

Details of windows and details of seats in chapel.
2* 2 Detail of pump house
Detail of pump house

2* 3 Chaplaincy: plans
Chaplaincy: plans

Ground plan, chamber and attic plans.
2* 4 Chaplaincy: sections
Chaplaincy: sections

Two sections and design for stables.
2* 5 Proposed additions: plans
Proposed additions: plans

Site plan and plan of cellars.
2* 6 Proposed additions: plans and sections
Proposed additions: plans and sections

Ground and first floor plans, second floor plan and 3 sections.
2* 7 Proposed additions: 4 sections
Proposed additions: 4 sections

Flatfile
5**-6** Various plans, elevations, and sections
Various plans, elevations, and sections

Flatfile
7 ** Proposed additions
Proposed additions

Flatfile
8** St. Mary Magdalene, Enfield [Greater London], 1891
St. Mary Magdalene, Enfield [Greater London]

Plan of tile pavement, reredos, South Wall
box folder
3* 1 St. Augustine's Church, Bournemouth [Hampshire], 1892
St. Augustine's Church, Bournemouth [Hampshire]

Vestry.
Flatfile
9** St. Thomas' Church, Leeds, 1896
St. Thomas' Church, Leeds

See Series III, written estimate from J. Norris & Sons. Ground plan, reredos and wall.
Undated and partially unidentified building designs. undated
box folder
3* 2 St. Bartholomew Hyde Church [Hyde, Winchester?], seating plan
St. Bartholomew Hyde Church [Hyde, Winchester?], seating plan

3* 3 Haydon Church, architectural details
Haydon Church, architectural details

3* 4 St. Augustine's Church, pillar
St. Augustine's Church, pillar

3* 5 Uddington Church, North porch
Uddington Church, North porch

3* 6 Unidentified Church, floor plan
Unidentified Church, floor plan

3* 7 Unidentified Church, East wall
Unidentified Church, East wall

3* 8 Unidentified, architectural section
Unidentified, architectural section

Flatfile
10** Unidentified, architectural drawings
Unidentified, architectural drawings

Series II. Designed ecclesiastical objects, 1859-1895
Designs for ceremonial objects and church furnishings. Arranged alphabetical by location of church; all in Great Britain unless otherwise noted.
box folder
4* 1 Qu'Appelle Church: communion plates and chalices [Canada], 1892
Qu'Appelle Church: communion plates and chalices [Canada]

Aldbury Church: Private communion plate.
4* 2 Ault Hucknell Church [Derbyshire], undated
4* 3 Seats
Seats

4* 3 Lamps
Lamps

4* 4 Babbacombe All Saints Church [Devon]: furnishings, 1871
Babbacombe All Saints Church [Devon]: furnishings

4* 5-6 Bournemouth, St. Augustine's Church [Hampshire],
4* 5 Altar desk
Altar desk

4* 6 Altar Vase, communion plate, alms dish
Altar Vase, communion plate, alms dish

Flatfile
11** Candlesticks and brass bracket
Candlesticks and brass bracket

Flatfile
12** Candlesticks
Candlesticks

Flatfile
13** Brighton, St. Patrick's Church: lectern, undated
Brighton, St. Patrick's Church: lectern

Flatfile
14** Canterbury, St. Augustine's College [Kent]: altar desk, circa 1880
Canterbury, St. Augustine's College [Kent]: altar desk

Caterham Guards Chapel [Surrey], undated
box folder
4* 7 Gas brackets
Gas brackets

Flatfile
15** Furnishings
Furnishings

Nave andsle seats, altar desk, detail of altar front.
Cheddar Hospital [Chapel, St. Michaels], 1889
box folder
4* 8 Flagon
Flagon

See also Series III for written estimates for 2 lecterns.
Flatfile
16** Candlestick
Candlestick

box folder
5* 1 Christleton Church [Cheshire]: reredos, 1893
Christleton Church [Cheshire]: reredos

5* 2 Cliffe Pypard Church [Wiltshire]: paten, undated
Cliffe Pypard Church [Wiltshire]: paten

5* 3 Cowley, St. John's Church [Oxon.]: communion plate, altar furnishings, 1871
Cowley, St. John's Church [Oxon.]: communion plate, altar furnishings

5* 4 Cumbrae College Chapel [Scotland]: litany desk, circa 1859
Cumbrae College Chapel [Scotland]: litany desk

5* 5 Dalton Church [Yorkshire]: chancel screen, undated
Dalton Church [Yorkshire]: chancel screen

Dover Castle, St. Mary's Church, circa 1889-1890
box folder
5* 6 Lectern
Lectern

Flatfile
17** Altar vase
Altar vase

Flatfile
12** Candlestick
Candlestick

With candlestick from Bournemouth.
Flatfile
18** St. Mary Magdalene Enfield [Greater London]: furnishings, undated
St. Mary Magdalene Enfield [Greater London]: furnishings

box folder
5* 7 Fulham Palace Chapel [Greater London]: seats, desks, undated
Fulham Palace Chapel [Greater London]: seats, desks

5* 8 Great Berkhamstsead Church [Hertfordshire]: Bible desk, undated
Great Berkhamstsead Church [Hertfordshire]: Bible desk

St. John's Church Hammersmith [Greater London], 1859, 1890
box folder
5* 9 Candlesticks
Candlesticks

Flatfile
19** Chancel screen
Chancel screen

box folder
5* 10 St. Clement's Church Hastings: seats, desk, circa 1872
St. Clement's Church Hastings: seats, desk

box folder
6* 1 Lincoln Cathedral: communion plate, 1887-1889
Lincoln Cathedral: communion plate

See also Series III for written estimate.
6* 2 Christ Church Albany Street, London: pulpit, circa 1849
Christ Church Albany Street, London: pulpit

St. Alban's Church, Baldwin Gardens (Holborn), London, undated
box folder
6* 3 Altar cloth
Altar cloth

Flatfile
20** Cover for Litany book
Cover for Litany book

box folder
6* 4 St. John's Church Drury Lane ("Broad Court"), London: lectern, undated
St. John's Church Drury Lane ("Broad Court"), London: lectern

6* 5 All Saint's Margaret Street, London: altar frontal, circa 1859
All Saint's Margaret Street, London: altar frontal

North Eling Church, 1892
box folder
6* 6 Hanging lamp
Hanging lamp

Flatfile
21** Lamp brackets
Lamp brackets

Flatfile
22** Oxford, Balliol College Chapel [Oxfordshire]: stall seats, undated
Oxford, Balliol College Chapel [Oxfordshire]: stall seats

box folder
6* 7 Pilton Church [Somerset]: paten, undated
Pilton Church [Somerset]: paten

6* 8 St. Michael's Church Portsmouth: chalices, 1876
St. Michael's Church Portsmouth: chalices

Flatfile
23 ** London, Holy Trinity Church Rotherhithe: candlesticks and hanging light, undated
London, Holy Trinity Church Rotherhithe: candlesticks and hanging light

box folder
6* 9 London, St. Barnabas' Church Rotherhithe: chalice, flagon, circa 1872
London, St. Barnabas' Church Rotherhithe: chalice, flagon

6* 10 London, St. Paul's Church Rotherhithe: chalice, circa 1893
London, St. Paul's Church Rotherhithe: chalice

Rugby, St. Andrew's Church, circa 1870-1879
box folder
6* 11 Gas lantern,
Gas lantern

Flatfile
24** Furnishings
Furnishings

Flatfile
25** Vases, light bracket, candlestick
Vases, light bracket, candlestick

box folder
6* 12 Candlestick
Candlestick

6* 13 St. Alban's Abbey [London?]: windows, hinge, undated
St. Alban's Abbey [London?]: windows, hinge

Flatfile
26** St. Bees Church [Cumberland]: furnishings, circa 1886-1887
St. Bees Church [Cumberland]: furnishings

Flatfile
27** Sedgeberrow Church [Worcestershire]: chancel screen, undated
Sedgeberrow Church [Worcestershire]: chancel screen

box folder
7* 1 Shaw Church [Berkshire]: seats and desk, undated
Shaw Church [Berkshire]: seats and desk

Flatfile
28** St. Augustine's Church South Kensington (Queen's Gate), London: furnishings, 1876-1886
St. Augustine's Church South Kensington (Queen's Gate), London: furnishings

box folder
7* 2 Stowlangtoft Church [Suffolk]: chalice, flagon, 1887, 1889
Stowlangtoft Church [Suffolk]: chalice, flagon

7* 3 Sudbury, St. Gregory's Church [Suffolk]: chalice and paten, 1892
Sudbury, St. Gregory's Church [Suffolk]: chalice and paten

(see also Series III for written estimate).
7* 4 Tottenham All Hallows Church [Greater London], 1877
Tottenham All Hallows Church [Greater London]

Lecterns (see also Series III for written estimate).
7* 5 Wantage St. Mary's Church [Berkshire]: gaslight standard, circa 1880
Wantage St. Mary's Church [Berkshire]: gaslight standard

Flatfile
29** Warwick, St. Mary's Church: reredos, 1883-1886
Warwick, St. Mary's Church: reredos

box folder
7* 6 Winchester, St. Cross Church [Hampshire]: candle-holder, undated
Winchester, St. Cross Church [Hampshire]: candle-holder

7* 7 Winchester, St. Michael's Church [Hampshire]: seats, desks, undated
Winchester, St. Michael's Church [Hampshire]: seats, desks

7* 8 Winchester College Chapel [Hampshire]: choir stalls, undated
Winchester College Chapel [Hampshire]: choir stalls

7* 9 Woolwich, St. Michael's Church [Greater London]: gas lights, undated
Woolwich, St. Michael's Church [Greater London]: gas lights

7* 10 St. Andrew's Church Kumgani [Zanzibar / Tanzania]: communion plate, 1888
St. Andrew's Church Kumgani [Zanzibar / Tanzania]: communion plate

Unidentified, 1877-1878, 1895, undated
box folder
8* 1 Heath's Court [Derbyshire? Coalpit Heath?]: lighting fixtures, undated
Heath's Court [Derbyshire? Coalpit Heath?]: lighting fixtures

8* 2 Dublin, St. Columba's College Chapel [Ireland]: light bracket, undated
Dublin, St. Columba's College Chapel [Ireland]: light bracket

8* 3-4 All Saints' Church: lectern, flagon, 1878, undated
All Saints' Church: lectern, flagon

8* 5 Unidentified lecterns, undated
Unidentified lecterns

8* 6 Unidentified flagons, undated
Unidentified flagons

8* 7 Unidentified oil lamp, undated
Unidentified oil lamp

8* 8 Unidentified alms dishes and chalices, 1878, undated
Unidentified alms dishes and chalices

8* 9 Unidentified altar cross, undated
Unidentified altar cross

8* 10 Unidentified mosaic, undated
Unidentified mosaic

8* 11 Unidentified candlestick, undated
Unidentified candlestick

8* 12 Floral design by Butterfield, undated
Floral design by Butterfield

Drawing for "Windows or Reredos" by J. T. Redfern
8* 13 Design for sculpture [Passion], 1877
Design for sculpture [Passion]

Flatfile
30** Unidentified candlestick, 1895, undated
Unidentified candlestick

Series III. Estimates, 1875-1896 10 items
Estimates for the manufacture of Butterfield's designs for objects, and with sub-contractors for the installation and construction of architecture.
box folder
8* 14 Seven letters from Hart, Son, Peard and Co., 1875-1892
Seven letters from Hart, Son, Peard and Co.

Estimates for the manufacture of various objects designed by Butterfield.
8* 14 One letter from G. N. Haydon and Son, 1875
One letter from G. N. Haydon and Son

For making and installing a central heating system in Tottenham Church.
8* 14 One estimate from J. Norris & Sons, Builders … Contractors for St. Thomas' Church in Leeds, 1896
One estimate from J. Norris & Sons, Builders … Contractors for St. Thomas' Church in Leeds

8* 14 One Estimate from John Boulton & Co. for St. Thomas' Church, Leeds, 1896
One Estimate from John Boulton & Co. for St. Thomas' Church, Leeds

Series IV. Memorials, circa 1869-1894 7 items
Designs for memorials to individuals.
Flatfile
31 ** Rochester Cathedral: Mary Jane Ann Scott, 1885
Rochester Cathedral: Mary Jane Ann Scott

31 ** Hursley Church: Cromwell monument, 1885
Hursley Church: Cromwell monument

31 ** Unknown location: Anna Maria Hanbury, 1879
Unknown location: Anna Maria Hanbury

With estimate attached.
31 ** Unknown Location: Bishop Gray, circa 1872
Unknown Location: Bishop Gray

31 ** Unknown location: Emily Carington, circa 1869
Unknown location: Emily Carington

31 ** Lincoln Cathedral: William John Butler, 1894
Lincoln Cathedral: William John Butler

31 ** Romsey Abbey: unknown, 1894
Romsey Abbey: unknown

Series V. Record drawings, circa 1844, undated 31 items
Documentary drawings for two buildings, not designed by Butterfield. Drawings for the Great Mongeham Church were prepared for the 1844 publication on the building by the Oxford Architectural Society as an example of the English Gothic style.
Flatfile
32** Great Mongeham Church [Kent], circa 1844 14 drawing(s)
Great Mongeham Church [Kent]

Flatfile
33** St. John the Baptist, Shottesbroke Church [Berkshire], undated 17 items
St. John the Baptist, Shottesbroke Church [Berkshire]