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Bauhaus typography collection, 1919-1937

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Finding aid for the Bauhaus typography collection, 1919-1937

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection comprises mostly ephemeral printing published by the Bauhaus between 1919 and 1933, designed by Bauhaus teachers and students for internal school purposes and for outside commercial use, as well as some other printing relating to the Bauhaus. Most items were designed by Herbert Bayer, László Moholy-Nagy, Oskar Schlemmer, and Joost Schmidt. Other designers are Josef Albers, Rudolf Baschant, Erich Comeriner, Lyonel Feininger, Paul Häberer, Josef Hartwig, Dörte Helm, Ludwig Hirschfeld-Mack, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Gerhard Marcks, Wolfgang (Farkas) Molnár, Xanti Schawinsky, Kurt Schmidt, Georg Teltschner, Jan Tschichold, and the designer group Studio Z (Franz Ehrlich, Heinz Loew, Fritz Winter). The collection comprises a wide variety of types of printed matter: advertisements, announcements, book covers, broadsides, brochures, currency, forms, exhibition announcements and catalogs, invitations, letterheads, manifestoes, memos, pamphlets, periodicals, postcards, programs, prospectuses, school curricula, tickets, and trade catalogs. Bauhaus School letterheads include incidental correspondence of Walter Gropius, Hannes Meyer, and others. Also present are issues of student publications Der Austausch and Bauhaus, Sprachrohr der Studierenden.

The collection is organized into five series. The first three series correspond with the two relocations of the school from Weimar to Dessau and from Dessau to Berlin, and are organized within each series chronologically by year. This arrangement follows the development of Bauhaus typography and graphic design in the context of the aesthetic and political changes taking place at the school, from its early ties to Expressionism to Walter Gropius's radical turn towards a new style of architecture and the design of consumer goods which are functional, inexpensive and consistent with mass production. The last two series comprise examples of Bauhaus typography in the work of individual Bauhaus arists and designers, and in various types of Bauhaus publications. Largely assembled by Walter Dexel, the German artist associated with Constructivism, this collection served as the basis for Gerd Fleischmann's 1984 publication Bauhaus: Drucksachen, Typografie, Reklame [Düsseldorf : Marzona, 1984.] Page references to items included in Fleischmann's book are given at the end of scope and contents notes.

Arrangement note

Organized in five series: I. Weimar, 1919-1925; II. Dessau, 1925-1932; III. Berlin, 1932-1933; IV. Bauhaus artists and designers, 1919-1937; V. Bauhaus publications, 1924-1937.

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