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Edward S. Curtis papers, 1900-1978 (bulk 1903-1954)

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Curtis (Edward S.) papers

Container List

Series I. Manuscripts and publications, 1900-1935, undated 66 items
Includes materials related to The North American Indian, typescripts for Curtis's books Indian Days of Long Ago and In the Land of the Headhunters, and several undated, and apparently unpublished, typescripts for lectures or writings.
Arrangement
Arranged thematically in three subseries: Series I.A. Materials related to The North American Indian; Series I.B. Manuscripts and writings; Series I.C. Offprints.
Series I.A. Materials related to The North American Indian, 1905-1935, undated 34 items
Materials primarily documenting the promotion and publication of The North American Indian, herein referred to as NAI. Also includes a list of photographs deposited for copyright and documentation of transfer of copyright material from Edward S. Curtis to the North American Indian, Inc.
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1 1 Catalogue: Indian Pictures from The North American Indian, undated 1 item
Nineteen-page typescript listing 310 photographs.
1 2 Photographs deposited with the Library of Congress for copyright, undated 1 item
1 3 Printed invitation to become an honorary regent for NAI, undated 1 item
1 4 Printed subscription invitations, undated 2 items
1 5 Subscription agreements, 1907-1921 4 items
1 6 Materials used in NAI brochures, undated 21 Leaves
Typescript copies of published reviews and notices and testimonials for NAI written to Curtis by figures such as George Bird Grinnell, Theodore Roosevelt, and Henry Huntington with original dates of 1905-1908.
1 7 Reviews, 1910, 1919 5 items
1 8 Publicity text for NAI, approximately 1911 1 item
Four-page typescript.
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8** 1 "The North American Indian: Extracts from Reviews," approximately 1911 1 item
Four-page broadside compilation of reviews of the NAI produced as a publicity tool.
1 9 Brochure for NAI, undated 1 item
1 10 Brochure for NAI, approximately 1909 1 item
Reproduces sample texts and images.
1 11 Presentation of NAI to the Library of the University of Washington, 24 June 1908 1 item
One printed leaf.
1 12 Transfer of copyright, 1909, 1925 5 items
Correspondence and documents regarding the transfer of copyright materials from Edward S. Curtis to the North American Indian, Inc.
1 13 Exhibition announcements, 1905, undated 2 items
Includes an announcement for Curtis's exhibition at the Waldorf Astoria, New York, signed by Curtis.
1 14 Printed prospectus for NAI, 1935 1 item
As sold through Charles E. Lauriat Company.
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8** 1 Printed articles relating NAI, 1905-1911 5 items
"'Ed' Curtis: Artist, Explorer, Clubman, Photographer, Historian and President's Friend," Seattle Sunday Times, 21 May 1905: 3.
"The Vanishing Race," New York Herald, 16 June 1907: 1 and 8.
"Boston Turning Out $1,500,000 Work of 20 Volumes," Boston Sunday Post, 25 July 1909: 19.
"Lives 22 Years with Indians to Get Their Secrets," New York Times, 16 April 1911: 5.
"Noted Indian Picture and Portrait of Artist," Seattle Post-Intelligencer, 30 July 1911: 7.
Series I.B. Manuscripts and writings, approximately 1914-1915, undated 11 items
Includes typescripts for Curtis's books Indian Days of Long Ago and In the Land of the Headhunters, and several undated, and apparently unpublished, typescripts for lectures or writings.
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1 15 Indian Days of Long Ago, approximately 1914 1 item
Seventy-one page corrected typescript.
1 16 In the Land of the Head-hunters, approximately 1915 1 item
Forty-one page corrected typescript of the book version of the film In the Land of the Head Hunters, in three individually paginated sections corresponding to chapters one through four (minus the very end of the chapter); the tag-end of chapter four through chapter ten, and chapters 11-16.
1 17 "The Indian and his Religious Freedom," undated 1 item
Fourteen-page typescript.
1 18 "The Peyote Cult," undated 1 item
Nine-page corrected typescript and a half sheet of notes.
1 19 "Peyote Ceremony According to Charles Moore," undated 1 item
Seven-page corrected typescript with a diagram of the ceremony drawn on the first page.
1 20-22 "The Forgotten Mapmaker," undated
Five-page typescript preface, table of contents, and list of books by Curtis.
1 20 Five-page typescript preface, table of contents, and list of books by Curtis 3 items
1 21 Thirty-four page typescript 1 item
Lacks page 15.
1 22 Twenty-eight pages of a partial typescript 1 item
With and alternate beginning of the above typescript, and variously numbered up to page 268.
1 23 Manuscript re: Apache Indians, undated 1 item
Twenty-three pages written in blue crayon.
1 24 Text re: stone heads found at Maryhill, undated 1 item
Three-page typescript, possibly for an article on Curtis's theory of the origin of a pair of carved-stone heads found on the Columbia River.
1 25 Miscellaneous notes, undated 7 Leaves
Series I.C. Offprints, 1900-1927 21 items
Includes copies of articles published by Curtis as well as published materials containing images by Curtis.
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8** 2 Curtis, Edward S., "Medicine Lodge," 1900 1 item
Seattle Daily Times, 28 July 1900: 13.
8** 2 "The Navajoes and their Mighty Wind Doctor," 1904 1 item
Seattle Sunday Times, 13 June 1904: 3.
8** 2 "Sacred Rites of the Mokis and Navajoes as Seen by Edward S. Curtis," 1904 1 item
Seattle Sunday Times, part V, magazine section, 27 November 1904: 1.
8** 2 "A Curtis Poster: Reproduction of a Special Indian Poster Designed for the Times 3rd Anniversary Number," 1905 1 item
8** 2 "Easter in the Arizona Desert," 1905 1 item
Seattle Sunday Times, part III, magazine section, 16 April, 1905: 1.
8** 2 "Real American Beauties: Two Hopi Maidens of the Tewa Puebla, Arizona," 1905 1 item
8** 2 "The Zuni Governor," 1905 1 item
Seattle Sunday Times, part III, magazine section, 11 June 1905: 1. Reproduces the portrait by Curtis (in reverse) in Box 8**, f. 6.
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1 26 "The President's Family," 1905 1 item
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8** 3 "Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas Longworth," 1906 1 item
New York Times, pictorial section, part I, 18 February 1908: 1-2. Includes a wedding portrait of Alice Roosevelt and her husband as well as recent photographs of the couple.
8** 3 "Mrs. Nicholas Longworth in her Bridal Gown," 1906 1 item
8** 3 "Prominent Men and Caricature," 1906 1 item
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1 27 Curtis, Edward S., "Vanishing Indian Types," 1906 2 items
"Vanishing Indian Types: The Tribes of the Southwest," Scribner's Magazine, vol. 39, no. 5: 514-529, and "Vanishing Indian Types: The Tribes of the Northwest Plains," Scribner's Magazine, vol. 39, no. 6: 657-671.
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8** 2 "Zash-Clishn-Apache Maiden," 1906 1 item
Seattle Sunday Times, magazine section, 18 November 1906: 1.
8** 2 "Little Wolf of the Cheyenne: Newest Curtis Indian," 1908 1 item
Seattle Sunday Times, magazine section, 26 January 1908: 1.
8** 2 Curtis, Edward S., "Love, Marriage, and Divorce as the Indian Sees Them," 1908 1 item
World Magazine, 3 May 1908: 9.
8** 3 "The Vanishing Race," approximately 1908 1 item
Spread of Curtis photographs, with copyright dates of 1904-1908, reproduced in Collier's Weekly.
8** 3 "A Page of Indian Maidens of Aboriginal North American Stock," 1908 1 item
New York Daily Tribune, 26 April 1908: 3. Reproduces Curtis photographs of Mojave, Apache, Papago, and Jicarilla girls.
8** 3 Cody, Colonel William F., "The Great West that Was: 'Buffalo Bill' Cody's Life Story," 1916-1917 2 items
Each spread from an unidentified Hearst International Magazine company publication contains reproductions of two Curtis photographs.
8** 3 Chicago Daily News photogravure section, 1927 2 Leaves
From the section dated 22 January 1927; includes a reproduction of Curtis's photograph of the last ride of Native Americans returning from their hunting grounds.
Series II. Lectures, presentations and audiovisual projects, 1903-1914 86 items
From 1903 to 1914, Curtis promoted his photography and raised funds for NAI through photograph exhibitions, lectures, lantern slide shows, and films. The series contains materials related to these endeavors.
Arrangement
Arranged thematically in four subseries: Series II.A. Lectures; Series II.B. Materials related to the Curtis Picture Musicale; Series II.C. Continental Film Company and In the Land of the Headhunters film materials; and Series II.D. Lantern slides.
Series II.A. Lectures, between 1903 and 1914 16 items
The subseries contains lecture typescripts and related materials. Starting around 1903, Curtis began giving exhibition talks and stereopticon lantern slide lectures during the months that he was not working in the field as a way to raise funds for his fieldwork. He lectured extensively in the eastern United States as well as in the Pacific Northwest. The individual lectures included here are untitled and undated.
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1 28 Outline for lantern slide lecture I, 1 item
1 29 Lantern slide lecture I, 1 item
Thirteen-page typescript with handwritten insert between pages six and seven re: ceremonial, devotional, and religious aspects of Native American life.
1 30 Variant, lantern slide lecture I, 1 item
Fourteen-page typescript, either an earlier or later version of the lecture.
1 31 Outline for lecture II, 1 item
1 32 Lecture II, 1 item
Lecture composed of pieces from various lectures, approximately 20 typescript pieces.
1 33 "Indian Religion," 1 item
Fourteen-page typescript.
1 34 "Indian Religion, Life, and Origins," 1 item
1 35 "Southwest Indians," 1 item
Sixteen-page typescript.
1 36 Variant lecture on Southwest Indians, 1 item
Sixteen-page typescript.
1 37 "Reminiscences," 1 item
Ten-page typescript.
1 38 "Decline of the Indian Population," 1 item
1 39 "Photography in the Field," 1 item
1 40 "Curtis's Business Practices," 1 item
Three-page typescript.
1 41 "Northwest Indians," 11 Leaves
Typescript materials for lectures or writings on various topics.
1 42 Miscellaneous lecture additions, 5 Leaves
1 43 Miscellaneous lecture excerpts, 3 Leaves
Series II.B. Materials related to the Curtis Picture Musicale (The Story of the Vanishing Race), 1911-1912 41 items
Included here are prospectuses, announcements, publicity materials, and programs for the Curtis Picture Musicale as well as Henry F. Gilbert's complete score for the musicale and related music by Gilbert. This elaborate multimedia production began with an orchestral prelude composed by Gilbert. Curtis's lecture was accompanied by both hand-colored lantern slides and motion pictures, and by an orchestral number composed by Gilbert for each segment.
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1 44 Prospectus for the 1911-1912 season of The Story of the Vanishing Race, 1911 1 item
1 45 Announcements for shows in New York and Seattle, 1911-1912 5 items
1 46 Programs, 1911-1912 2 items
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3-4 Score for The Story of the Vanishing Race, 1911 14 items
Individual instrumental parts for the score comprising 21 individually titled numbers including the prelude.
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3 1 Piano 20 items
Lacks number 18, "Woman Dancer with Skulls."
3 2 First violin 20 items
Includes two or three copies of many of the numbers, written in different hands. Lacks number 19, "Canoe Paddling."
3 3 Second violin 20 items
3 4 Viola 20 items
Lacks number 18, "Woman Dancer with Skulls."
3 5 Cello 21 items
3 6 Bass 21 items
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4 1 Flute 20 items
Lacks number 18, "Woman Dancer with Skulls."
4 2 Clarinet 21 items
4 3 Fagotto 20 items
Lacks number 18, "Woman Dancer with Skulls."
4 4 Cornet 21 items
4 5 Horns in F 20 items
Lacks number 18, "Woman Dancer with Skulls."
4 6 Trombone 20 items
Lacks number 18, "Woman Dancer with Skulls."
4 7 Timpani 15 items
Lacks numbers 1-"Prelude"; 2-"Snake Dance"; 7-"Signal Fire to the Mountain God"; 15-"Offering the Skulls"; 16-"Waghli Dancing"; and 18-"Woman Dancer with Skulls."
4 8 Indian drum 3 items
Includes only numbers 1, 14, 16.
4 9-13 Related music, undated 11 items
Sheet music and lecture notes mostly concerning peyote cult ceremonies.
4 9 Opening song 2 items
Includes one sheet of music and one page of typescript lecture notes with a transcription of the words to the song.
4 10 Water song 2 items
Includes one sheet of music and three pages of typescript lecture notes on the peyote cult with a transcription of the words to the song.
4 11 Midnight song 2 items
Includes one sheet of music and a one-page typed transcription of the words to the song.
4 12 Morning or Quitting song 2 items
Includes one sheet of music and a one-page typed transcription of the words to the song.
4 13 Stomp Dance and Forty-nine Dance 3 items
Includes two sheets of music entitled "First Stomp Dance Song" and "Second Stomp Dance Song" and nine pages of typescript lecture notes with the vocales for both dances.
4 14 Henry F. Gilbert, Indian Scenes: Five Pieces for the Pianoforte, 1912 1 item
Sheet music by Gilbert from the incidental music to The Story of the Vanishing Race.
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8** 4 Frieze depicting mounted Indian warriors, approximately 1911 1 item
Ink drawing for the program.
8** 4 Poster for Curtis Picture Musicale, 1911 1 item
8** 4 "E. S. Curtis and his Indian Picture-Opera A Vanishing Race AchieveTriumph, approximately 1912 2 items
Publicity broadside of reviews of the 1911 season prepared for the projected 1912-1913 season.
Series II.C. Continental Film Company and In the Land of the Head Hunters film materials, 1913-1914, undated 29 items
The subseries includes preliminary materials for In the Land of the Head Hunters, scripts for scenes, shooting schedules, a list of scenes shot in 1913, film stills, a movie poster, and John J. Braham's score for the film.
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1 47 Continental Film Company, undated 4 items
Includes two typescript narratives regarding the genesis of the film (one leaf, two leaves), and two typescript prospectuses for the company (five leaves each), one with a subscription agreement for stocks.
1 48 Notes for a film scene, undated 1 item
Five leaves handwritten in pencil.
1 49 "In the Days of Vancouver," approximately 1913 1 item
Twelve-page typescript includes 112 scenes interspersed with "readers" or titles.
1 50 "Outline for a Scenario," approximately 1913 1 item
Six-page typescript includes comments on geography and clothing, a page titled "Outline of the Story," and a three-page shooting schedule. Also included is a second copy of the first two pages of the document.
1 51 "Titles of Scenes Made in 1913," approximately 1913 1 item
Sixteen-page typescript listing 166 scenes.
1 52 Film stills, approximately 1913-1914 3 items
Gelatin silver prints of scenes from In the Land of the Head Hunters.
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5-6 Braham, John J., score for In the Land of the Headhunters, approximately 1913 16 items
Includes both the full orchestral score and individual instrumental parts, all in 62 parts.
5-6 Orchestral score
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5 1 Prelude-part 5
5 2 Parts 6-24
5 3 Parts 25-37
5 4 Parts 38-54
5 5 Parts 55-62
5 6 First violin
5 7 Second violin
5 8 Viola
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6 1 Cello
6 2 Bass
6 3 Flute
6 4 Clarinet
6 5 Cornet
6 6 Trombone
6 7 Tympaneum
6 8 Extra Parts
6 9 Braham, John J., Indian Patrol, undated 1 item
Includes both the full orchestral score and individual instrumental parts for a composition dedicated to Curtis.
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8** 5 Movie poster for In the Land of the Headhunters, approximately 1914 1 item
Series II.D. Lantern slides, between 1906 and 1914 20 items
Lantern slides: between 1906 and 1914

Hand-colored and tinted lantern slides, mostly of Pacific Northwest Native American scenes with a few Navajo and California Native American images, that Curtis would have used for his slide lectures and presentations comprise this subseries. A number of the slides can be correlated to plates and illustrations in NAI, volumes and portfolios 8, 10, and 11.
This material is restricted due to condition. Many of the slides as cracked. The lantern slides are digitized and online access is available to on-site readers and Getty staff:
http://hdl.handle.net/10020/850111_ref20_pb2
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7 Pacific Northwest 14 items
Titles of individual slides were derived from NAI, except for bracketed titles, which were devised by the cataloger.
A number of the slides were made by Edward G. Kemp, whose San Francisco studio was located at 833 Market Street.
7 850111-LS1 A House-front, Awaitlala
This is a variant of the image facing page 10, volume 10, The Kwakiutl, NAI. Address on passe-partout: 833 Market St., San Francisco, Calif.
7 850111-LS2 The Octopus Catcher, Qagyuhl
This is the image facing page 28, volume 10, The Kwakiutl, NAI. Address on mat: 833 Market St., San Francisco, Calif. Written on label: DK N.C. 7.
7 850111-LS3 Paqusilahl Emerging from the Woods, Qagyuhl
This is similar to the image facing page 158, volume 10, The Kwakiutl, NAI. The pose and setting are similar but the slide portrays a different figure. Written on label: DW 18.
7 850111-LS4 A Hamasta Costume, Nakoaktok
This is the image facing page 194, volume 10, The Kwakiutl, NAI. The slide is sepia-toned rather than hand-colored.
7 85011-LS5 Chief's Party, Qagyuhlk
Plate 10, portfolio 10, The Kwakiutl, NAI. Written on slide label: 3. Shores of the Pacific / (DZ). Also numbered: 3. 107.
7 850111-LS6 Rounding into Port, Qagyhl
Plate 352, portfolio 10, The Kwakiutl, NAI. Numbered on label: 2.
7 850111-LS7 [Two Qagyuhl Boats]
Numbered on label: 30.
7 850111-LS8 [Sailboat on Shores of Qagyuhl]
Numbered on label: 4. Annotation on label: Light on water stopped out by contact negative for cover.
7 850111-LS9 Shores of the Pacific
Title from label on slide. Numbered on slide: 49 (DX) (49); 1 DX 105.
7 850111-LS10 [Kwakiutl Chanting beside a Canoe]
Label on slide: No charges.
7 850111-LS11 Whale Ceremony, Clayoquot
Plate 370, portfolio 11, The Nootka. The Haida, NAI. Numbered on label: 15. Address on passe-partout: 833 Market St., San Francisco, Calif.
7 850111-LS12 [Wishiam Women on Columbia River]
Imprint on passe-partout: Edward [___]. Slide Bureau. / 833 Market St., San Francisco, Calif. Numbered on label: 20.
7 850111-LS13 [Seal Island]
Written on label: $1.00.
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7A 85011-LS14 On Klickitat River - A
Plate number 289, from portfolio 8, The Nez Perces. Wallawalla. Umatilla. Cayuse. The Chinookan Tribes, NAI. On mat: Edward G. Kemp. Slide Bureau / 833 Market Str., San Francisco, Calif.
7A California, Navajo and other scenes 6 items
One item missing as of 2/23/17 BG.
7A 850111-LS15 Sunset in Navajo-land
Plate 38, portfolio 1, The Apache. The Jicarillas. The Navajo, NAI. Written on slide label: 4. Navajo land. Also numbered: 4. (GB). 170.
7A 850111-LS16 [Table Scene]
Yurok, Klamath region, Humboldt, CA. Blue-tinted slide; not hand-colored.
7A 850111-LS17 [Baskets and Nets]
Pomo tribe, Mendocino County, CA. Slide is possibly blue-tinted.
7A 850111-LS18 [By the Arrow, Dawn]
Title from slide label. Numbered on lables: 4; 35; 5. Z. 36.
7A 850111-LS19 [Signal Fire to Mountain Gods]
Series III. Personal and professional papers, 1908-1978 27 items
Includes miscellaneous correspondence and personal documents, original artwork and photographs, posthumous articles about Curtis, and materials regarding the disposition of Curtis's manuscripts, recordings, and artifact collection.
Arrangement
Arranged chronologically.
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2 1 Letter from A. T. Sinclair, 8 May 1908 6 Leaves
Manuscript letter discussing tattooing throughout the world. With a typescript copy of the letter.
2 2 Mortgage and tax documents, 1911-1914 5 items
Documents related to real estate held by Curtis in Tulare County, California.
2 3 Correspondence with M. K. Sniffen, 1934-1937 9 letters (55 leaves)
Three letters from Curtis to Matthew K. Sniffen, secretary of the Indian Rights Association, and six letters from Sniffen to Curtis. Enclosures, headed "Documents Furnished by the Indian Rights Associations," comprise 53 pages of statements and testimony made by eleven individuals in May 1924 regarding affairs on the pueblos. Also included is a copy of a two-page letter from H. G. Gwinn to Sniffen (5 March 1931).
2 4 Transcripts of conferences on pueblo government, 10 April 1924 1 item
2 5 Portrait of E. S. Harriman, 1905 1 item
Curtis studio signature on mount.
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8** 6 Navajo design, undated 1 item
Hand-colored photograph [?].
8** 6 [Portrait of a Native American], approximately 1905 1 item
Hand-colored photograph [?]; signed by Curtis. Artwork for "The Zuni Governor," reproduced in Seattle Sunday Times; see box 8**, f. 2.
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2 6 Gordon Brown and R.L. Fraser, "Edward Curtis: Man of Mission to a Vanishing World," 1954 1 item
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8** 7 "The Monumental Works of Edward S. Curtis," 1954 1 item
Seattle Sunday Times, 21 June 1954: 4-5.
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2 7 Letters from June McNichol Metcalfe to Beth Curtis Magnuson, 1962 5 items
Three letters from Metcalfe to Curtis's daughter, Beth Curtis Magnuson, discussing the disposition of his manuscripts and recordings. Also included are a letter to Metcalfe from Norman R. Spinden with a copy of a Library of Congress press release concerning Edward Curtis's wax cylinder recordings and a copy of Metcalfe's reply to Spinden on the verso of a note typed to Magnuson.
2 8 Typescript of M. E. Magnuson interview, 1978 1 item
Fifty-eight page typescript of an interview conducted on 19 September 1978 by a Mr. Lee [?], G. Ray Hawkins, and Conrad Angone regarding M. E. Magnuson's collection of artifacts from the collection of Edward S. Curtis.


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