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Jacques-Philippe Potteau Portraits of Algerian Soldiers for the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris, 1863

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Title: Jacques-Philippe Potteau Portraits of Algerian Soldiers for the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris
Dates: 1863
Number: 2018.R.27
Creator/Collector: Potteau, Jacques-Philippe, 1807-1876
Extent: 1.33 Linear Feet (20 photographs in 1 box)
Abstract: The 20 frontal and profile portraits of ten Algerian soldiers who visited Paris in 1863 were taken by Philippe-Jacques Potteau as part of his larger anthropological project for the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, known as the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris (1855-1869). Seven pairs of photographs are of soldiers from the 3rd Regiment of Algerian Tirailleurs, an infantry corps, and three pairs depict soldiers from the 2nd and 3rd Regiments of Algerian Spahis, or light cavalry units.
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Language: Collection material is in French.
Repository: The Getty Research Institute
Special Collections
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles 90049-1688
reference@getty.edu
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
(310) 440-7390
Author: Beth Ann Guynn

Biographical / Historical

Jacques-Philippe Potteau was a member of the anthropology department of the Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Paris. Between 1860 and 1869 he made a series of ethnographic portraits for the museum under the collective title Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris. In 1862 Potteau succeeded Louis Rousseau as the departmental photographer. Potteau never accompanied scientific expeditions, but rather organized sittings for members of official groups visiting Paris and other persons in his own studio. His subjects were largely diplomatic delegates or soldiers, and, less frequently, musicians, domestic servants and members of the lower social ranks. Potteau showed his work at the London Photography Exhibit in 1862 and 1863, and at the 1863 Paris International Photography Exhibit.


Scope and Content of Collection

The 20 frontal and profile photographic portraits of ten Algerian soldiers who visited Paris in 1863 were taken by Philippe-Jacques Potteau as part of his larger anthropological project for the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, known as the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris (1855-1869). Seven pairs of photographs are of soldiers from the 3rd Regiment of Algerian Tirailleurs, an infantry corps, and three pairs depict soldiers from the 2nd and 3rd Regiments of Algerian Spahis, or light cavalry units.

Handwritten on the mounts below the albumen photographs is data related to the specific sitter including, variously, name (used in this finding aid as the photograph's title), age (or birth date), rank or occupation, place of birth and ethnic background. The information is not uniformly present, suggesting a less than exacting documentation process, and the data for the Algerian soldiers is, for the most part, less complete than that found on the portraits of Potteau's more illustrious sitters. Nevertheless, these portraits with their annotated mounts are important examples of early French colonial ethnography.

The photographs are dated on their mounts: Phot. en 1863. The photographs were almost certainly printed before 1872 (when Potteau gave his negatives to the Muséum de Paris for safekeeping), as they present his printing style, derived from Gustave Le Gray, of cutting the corners of the prints on the diagonal.

Arrangement

Arranged in a single series:
Series I: Jacques-Philippe Potteau Portraits of Algerian Soldiers for the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris, 1863.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

Open for use by qualified researchers.

Publication Rights

Contact Library Reproductions and Permissions.


Indexing Terms

Subjects - Corporate Bodies

France. Armée de terre. Régiment de spahis, 3e
France. Armée. Armée d'Afrique -- Portraits
France. Armée. Tirailleurs algériens -- Portraits
Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (France)

Subjects - Topics

Algerians -- Portraits
Photography in ethnology

Genres and Forms of Material

Albumen prints--France--19th century.
Photographs, Original.
Studio portraits -- France -- 19th century

Contributors

Potteau, Jacques-Philippe, 1807-1876

Related Material

The repository holds another group of Potteau's ethnographic portraits that includes Algerian soldiers, Vietnamese ambassadors and European types among the sitters. See: Portraits from Jacques-Philippe Potteau's Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris, Special Collections accession no. 2017.R.20.

Digitized Material

The collection was digitized in 2019 and the images are available online: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/2018r27


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Jacques-Philippe Potteau Portraits of Algerian Soldiers for the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris, 1863, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 2018.R.27.

http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa2018r27

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Acquired in 2018.

Processing Information

In 2018 Beth Ann Guynn processed the collection and wrote the finding aid.


Container List

Series I. Jacques-Philippe Potteau Portraits of Algerian Soldiers for the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris, 1863
Jacques-Philippe Potteau Portraits of Algerian Soldiers for the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris (digitized version)

Arrangement
In no discernible original order. Arranged by archivist.
box
1 2018.R.27-1 Ben Bakri ben Salem
Frontal view. Caption continues: Tirailleur algérien / né à Tunis de père et mère cafres.
1 2018.R.27-2 Ben Bakri ben Salem
Profile view. Caption continues: Tirailleur algérien / né à Tunis de père et mère cafres.
1 2018.R.27-3 Mohamed ben Miloud
Frontal view. Caption continues: Tirailleur algérien / né à Cherchell, division d'Oran (Algérie).
1 2018.R.27-4 Mohamed ben Miloud
Profile view. Caption continues: Tirailleur algérien / né à Cherchell, division d'Oran (Algérie).
1 2018.R.27-5 Mecaoud ben Ahmed
Frontal view. Caption continues: (31 ans) Tirailleur algérien / né à Bousilkand (Nigritie).
1 2018.R.27-6 Mecaoud ben Ahmed
Profile view. Caption continues: (31 ans) Tirailleur algérien / né à Bousilkand (Nigritie).
1 2018.R.27-7 Abd-el-Kader ben Lerouke
Frontal view. Caption continues: (29 ans) Tirailleur algérien / né à Orléanville (Algérie).
1 2018.R.27-8 Abd-el-Kader ben Lerouke
Profile view. Caption continues: (29 ans) Tirailleur algérien / né à Orléanville (Algérie).
1 2018.R.27-9 Kaddour ben Abdaloz
Frontal view. Caption continues: né à Orléanville (Algérie) / Sergent au 3ème tirailleurs algériens.
1 2018.R.27-10 Kaddour ben Abdaloz
Profile view. Caption continues: né à Orléanville (Algérie) / Sergent au 3ème tirailleurs algériens.
1 2018.R.27-11 Mohamed Berber
Frontal view. Caption continues: (35 ans) né à Médeah (Algérie) / d'un pére turc et d'une mére de Bournou (Soudan) / Sergent au 3ème tirailleur algérien.
1 2018.R.27-12 Mohamed Berber
Profile view. Caption continues: (35 ans) né à Médeah (Algérie) / d'un pére turc et d'une mére de Bournou (Soudan) / Sergent au 3ème tirailleur algérien.
1 2018.R.27-13 Abd-el-Kader ben Mohamed
Frontal view. Caption continues: (35 ans) né à Blidah (Algérie) / Caporal au 3ème tirailleurs.
1 2018.R.27-14 Abd-el-Kader ben Mohamed
Profile view. Caption continues: (35 ans) né à Blidah (Algérie) / Caporal au 3ème tirailleurs.
1 2018.R.27-15 Mohamed ben Ahmed
Frontal view. Caption continues: (32 ans) Brigadier au 3ème spahis / né à Sétif, province de Constantine (Algérie).
1 2018.R.27-16 Mohamed ben Ahmed
Profile view. Caption continues: (32 ans) Brigadier au 3ème spahis / né à Sétif, province de Constantine (Algérie).
1 2018.R.27-17 Brahim ben Salah
Frontal view. Caption continues: Spahis né à Souk-Arach / province de Constantine (Algérie).
1 2018.R.27-18 Brahim ben Salah
Profile view. Caption continues: Spahis né à Souk-Arach / province de Constantine (Algérie).
1 2018.R.27-19 Embarik ben Khdnin
Frontal view. Caption continues: au deuxième spahis. / Province de Oran (Algérie).
1 2018.R.27-20 Embarik ben Khdnin
Profile view. Caption continues: au deuxiéme spahis. / Province de Oran (Algérie).