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Maximilien-Étienne-Émile Barry, Mission scientifique de Mr. Ernest Chantre sous-directeur du Muséum de Lyon dans la haute Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan et le Caucase, 1881

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Maximilien-Étienne-Émile Barry, Mission scientifique de Mr. Ernest Chantre

Scope and Content of Collection

The French archaeologist and anthropologist, Ernest Chantre (1843-1924), was the assistant director of the Muséum de Lyon, and was an instructor in anthropology and geology. Between 1873 and 1913 he took part in several scientific missions to Kurdistan, Asia Minor, and North Africa. His illustrated monographs recording his expeditions include five volumes on the Caucasus; two on Tripoli, Tunis and Algeria; and one each on Transcaucasia, Cappadocia and Egypt and Nubia.

The portfolio documenting Ernest Chantre's scientific mission to the Caucasus, Kurdistan and Mesopotamia, undertaken between March and September 1881, contains 57 albumen photographs on 56 sheets and one lithographed map showing the expedition's route. The photographs, taken by Captain Maximilien-Étienne-Émile-Barry, mainly chart the Kurdistan portion of the mission that began in Trabzon, on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey, and proceeded on to Poti, Kutaisi, Goti and Tbilisi in the Caucasus. The expedition's route then turned south into Armenia, visiting Yerevan, and heading on to Diyarbakir (Diarbékir), Turkey and Orfa, Syria in northern Kurdistan, before ending in Aleppo. During the expedition Chantre explored some of the oldest continuously inhabited towns and cities in the world. Barry's photographs record both archaeological sites and contemporary urban views. Portraits of inhabitants encountered along the way include Mingrelian, Kurdish and Armenian peoples; some local notables are identified by name. Also present are scenes of daily life and landscapes.

The portfolio has tan covers with string ties; the title is printed in black on the front board. Each mount bears the running title printed above the image: Mission scientifique de Mr. Ernest Chantre sous-directeur du Muséum de Lyon dans la haute Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan et le Caucase; below the title twenty-three mounts include a wet-stamped credit line: Photographie de Mr. le Capitaine Barry. Image titles are handwritten below each photograph. Forty-three photographs are numbered in the negative.

Arrangement

The portfolio is arranged in a single series:
Series I. Mission scientifique de Mr. Ernest Cantre sous-directeur du Muséum de Lyon dans la haute Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan et le Caucase, 1881.




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