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Maximilien-Étienne-Émile Barry, Mission scientifique de Mr. Ernest Chantre sous-directeur du Muséum de Lyon dans la haute Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan et le Caucase, 1881

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Title: Maximilien-Étienne-Émile Barry, Mission scientifique de Mr. Ernest Chantre sous-directeur du Muséum de Lyon dans la haute Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan et le Caucase
Dates: 1881
Number: 2018.R.23
Creator/Collector: Barry, Maximillien-Étienne-Émile, 1843-1910
Extent: 2.75 Linear Feet (2 boxes: 57 photographs on 56 sheets and 1 map in 1 portfolio)
Abstract: The portfolio documenting Ernest Chantre's scientific mission to the Caucasus, Kurdistan and Mesopotamia, undertaken between March and September 1881, contains 57 albumen photographs taken by Captain Maximilien-Étienne-Émile Barry and one lithographed map showing the expedition's route. The photographs primarily document the Kurdistan portion of the mission which began in Trabzon, on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey, and proceeded on to Poti, Kutaisi, Goti and Tbilisi in the Caucasus. During the expedition Chantre explored some of the oldest continuously inhabited towns and cities in the world. The photographs record both ancient archaeological and contemporary urban sites. Portraits of inhabitants encountered along the way include those of Mingrelian, Kurdish and Armenian peoples. Also present are scenes of daily life and landscapes.
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Language: Collection material is in French.
Repository: The Getty Research Institute
Special Collections
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles 90049-1688
reference@getty.edu
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
(310) 440-7390
Author: Beth Ann Guynn

Biographical / Historical

Maximilien-Étienne-Émile Barry (1843-1910), the son of a history professor in Toulouse, France, was a career military officer who rose to the rank of Brigadier General. In 1881, when a captain, he obtained a five-month leave to accompany Ernest Chantre's scientific mission to the Caucasus, Kurdistan and Mesopotamia. As a colonel he organized the defense of Le Havre in 1899.

Sources consulted:

______, "Maximilien-Étienne-Émile Barry," http://military-photos.com/barry.htm


Scope and Content of Collection

The French archaeologist and anthropologist, Ernest Chantre (1843-1924), was the assistant director of the Muséum de Lyon, and was an instructor in anthropology and geology. Between 1873 and 1913 he took part in several scientific missions to Kurdistan, Asia Minor, and North Africa. His illustrated monographs recording his expeditions include five volumes on the Caucasus; two on Tripoli, Tunis and Algeria; and one each on Transcaucasia, Cappadocia and Egypt and Nubia.

The portfolio documenting Ernest Chantre's scientific mission to the Caucasus, Kurdistan and Mesopotamia, undertaken between March and September 1881, contains 57 albumen photographs on 56 sheets and one lithographed map showing the expedition's route. The photographs, taken by Captain Maximilien-Étienne-Émile-Barry, mainly chart the Kurdistan portion of the mission that began in Trabzon, on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey, and proceeded on to Poti, Kutaisi, Goti and Tbilisi in the Caucasus. The expedition's route then turned south into Armenia, visiting Yerevan, and heading on to Diyarbakir (Diarbékir), Turkey and Orfa, Syria in northern Kurdistan, before ending in Aleppo. During the expedition Chantre explored some of the oldest continuously inhabited towns and cities in the world. Barry's photographs record both archaeological sites and contemporary urban views. Portraits of inhabitants encountered along the way include Mingrelian, Kurdish and Armenian peoples; some local notables are identified by name. Also present are scenes of daily life and landscapes.

The portfolio has tan covers with string ties; the title is printed in black on the front board. Each mount bears the running title printed above the image: Mission scientifique de Mr. Ernest Chantre sous-directeur du Muséum de Lyon dans la haute Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan et le Caucase; below the title twenty-three mounts include a wet-stamped credit line: Photographie de Mr. le Capitaine Barry. Image titles are handwritten below each photograph. Forty-three photographs are numbered in the negative.

Arrangement

The portfolio is arranged in a single series:
Series I. Mission scientifique de Mr. Ernest Cantre sous-directeur du Muséum de Lyon dans la haute Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan et le Caucase, 1881.


Restrictions

Access

Open for use by qualified researchers.

Publication Rights

Contact Library Reproductions and Permissions.


Indexing Terms

Subjects - Names

Chantre, Ernest, 1843-1924

Subjects - Places

Caucasia -- Description and travel
Kurdistan -- Description and travel
Kurds -- Middle East -- Portraits

Genres and Forms of Material

Albumen prints -- Kurdistan -- 19th century
Photographs, Original
Portfolios (groups of works) -- Kurdistan -- 19th century

Contributors

Barry, Maximillien-Étienne-Émile, 1843-1910

Related Material

Digitized Material

The collection was digitized by the repository in 2019 and the images are available online:

http://hd;.handle.net/10020/cifa2018r23


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Maximilien-Étienne-Émile Barry, Mission scientifique de Mr. Ernest Chantre sous-directeur du Muséum de Lyon dans la haute Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan et le Caucase, 1881, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 2018.R.23.

http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa2018r23

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Acquired in 2018.

Processing Information

Beth Ann Guynn and Nieves Maria Rocha processed the collection and wrote the finding aid in 2019.


Container List

Series 1. Maximilien-Étienne-Émile Barry, Mission scientifique de Mr. Ernest Chantre sous-directeur du Muséum de Lyon dans la haute Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan et le Caucase 1881
Arrangement
In original order.
Box
1 2018.R.23-fc Portfolio front cover
1 2018.R.23-bc Portfolio back cover
1 2018.R.23-1 Côté est de la cour de la mosquée de Diarbékir
Numbered in negative: 156.
1 2018.R.23-2 Foyer d'une maison en ruine au pied du château de Tergi (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 233.
1 2018.R.23-3 Le rocher de la ville de Van
Numbered in negative: 195. Shows the fortress to the right.
1 2018.R.23-4 Arménien, Tiflis (Caucase)
Frontal portrait.
1 2018.R.23-5 Arméniennes, Diarbékir (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 167.
1 2018.R.23-6 Ansharié, Antioche (Syrie)
Numbered in negative: 68.
1 2018.R.23-7 Kurde, Diarbékir (Kurdistan)
1 2018.R.23-8 Arménien, Tiflis (Caucase)
Profile portrait of a man wearing a suit.
1 2018.R.23-9 Le naïb et un Avar de Konzak (Baghestan)
Numbered in negative: 48.
1 2018.R.23-10 Attelage de charrue à l'est du lac Van (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 217.
1 2018.R.23-11 Fouilles de Toprakale à 4 kilt.res de Van [Fouilles de Toprakale à 4 kilomtères de Van]
Numbered in negative: 212. Annotation continues: Le vice-consul de Russie et Mme. Camsaragan / Mr. Gaillard chef de service télégraphique international de Van (Kurdistan).
1 2018.R.23-12 Le rocher de la ville de Van (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 194. Shows ruins in foreground.
1 2018.R.23-13 Une rue de Van (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 202.
1 2018.R.23-14 Panorama de Bayazid et plaine de l'Ararat (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 250.
1 2018.R.23-15 Lac de Van, baie de Tadwan, les monts de Nemrod (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 193.
1 2018.R.23-16 Charrue des environs du lac Van
Numbered in negative: 221.
1 2018.R.23-17 Porte d'entrée de la mosquée de Bayazid, actuellement caserne d'infanterie (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 252.
1 2018.R.23-18 Gounib pris du palais du gouverneur (Baghestan)
Numbered in negative: 259.
1 2018.R.23-19 Nobles géorgiens
1 2018.R.23-20 M. Coselle, ingénieur à Antioche, et sa famille
Numbered in negative: 70.
1 2018.R.23-21 Rue du nouveau Gounib (Daghestan)
Numbered in negative: 41 bis.
1 2018.R.23-22 Partie sud de Biredjick et l'Euphrate (H.te Mésopotamie) [Haute Mésopotamie]
Numbered in negative: 103.
1 2018.R.23-23 Panorama de la ville de Bayazid (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 249.
1 2018.R.23-24 Campement français à Biredjick, Euphrate (H.te Mésopotamie) [Haute Mésopotamie]
Numbered in negative: 120.
Box
2 2018.R.23-25 Laboureurs de Diarbékir (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 168.
2 2018.R.23-26 Maison du Natchalnik de Wedeno, le colonel Castellanof et sa famille
2 2018.R.23-27 Groupe d'arabes pris à Khan Cheik Khoum (Syrie)
Numbered in negative: 25.
2 2018.R.23-28 Femmes arabes, Kosséir, vallée de l'Oronte (Syrie)
Numbered in negative: 256.
2 2018.R.23-29 Statue trouvée dans les fouilles de Séleucia (Syrie)
Numbered in negative: 74.
2 2018.R.23-30 Tombeaux creusés dans les rochers à Séleucia (Syrie)
Numbered in negative: 79.
2 2018.R.23-31 La ville et les jardins de Hamah (Syrie)
Numbered in negative: 24.
2 2018.R.23-32 Kurdes de tribus diverses, Biredjick (H.te Mésopotamie) [Haute Mésopotamie]
Numbered in negative: 113.
2 2018.R.23-33 Kurde de Sowerek, tribu des Zazas, marchand de petit bois à Diarbékir
Two photographs: frontal and profile view of a Turkish man.
2 2018.R.23-34 Une rue du bazar de Diarbékir
Numbered in negative: 144.
2 2018.R.23-35 Maison où est né Schamyl à Wedeno (Daghestan)
Numbered in negative: 1.
2 2018.R.23-36 Mingrelien, Toti (Caucase)
Illegible inscription in negative on upper left corner.
2 2018.R.23-37 Lesghins (Daghestan)
2 2018.R.23-38 Kurdes Zazas, Diarbékir (Kurdistan)
Portrait view.
2 2018.R.23-39 Kurdes Zazas, Diarbékir (Kurdistan)
Profile view.
2 2018.R.23-40 Kurdes Duguerly, Medjeri-khan (H.te Mésopotamie) [Haute Mésopotamie]
Numbered in negative: 125.
2 2018.R.23-41 Kurde, Alep (Syrie)
2 2018.R.23-42 Groupe de femmes Avares du village de Kalaki (Daghestan)
Numbered in negative: 45
2 2018.R.23-43 M. Pisani, chef du service télégraphique international à Diarbékir et sa famille, Kurdistan
Numbered in negative: 169.
2 2018.R.23-44 Travailleurs et mendiants de Diarbékir
Numbered in negative: 180.
2 2018.R.23-45 Jeune mariée Ansharié, son mari, son frère, sa mère (Syrie)
Image same as 2019.R.23-46.
2 2018.R.23-46 Jeune mariée Ansharié, son mari, son frère, sa mère (Syrie)
Image same as 2019.R.23-45.
2 2018.R.23-47 Paysage aux environs de Kalaki et de Kouzak
Numbered in negative: 245. Image same as 2019.R.23-48.
2 2018.R.23-48 Environs de Kalaki et route de Konzak (Daghestan)
Numbered in negative: 245. Image same as 2019.R.23-47.
2 2018.R.23-49 Avars (Daghestan)
Numbered in negative: 248. Image same as 2019.R.23-50.
2 2018.R.23-50 Avars (Daghestan)
Numbered in negative: 248. Image same as 2019.R.23-49.
2 2018.R.23-51 Coupure de Slanzovoc entre Konzak et Gounib (Laghestan)
Numbered in negative: 42.
2 2018.R.23-52 Contrefort de la vallée de l'Oronte
Numbered in negative: 16.
2 2018.R.23-53 Sources de l'Oronte (Syrie)
Numbered in negative: 258.
2 2018.R.23-54 Les portes de fer à Antioche (Syrie)
Numbered in negative: 88.
2 2018.R.23-55 La coupure de Stanzovoe, entre Kouzak et Gounib
Numbered in negative: 43.
2 2018.R.23-56 Gorge de la rivière de Bitlis (Kurdistan)
Numbered in negative: 189.
2 2018.R.23-57 Itinéraire et fouilles de Mr. E. Chantre, 1881