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Michel de Maynard lantern slides of early twentieth-century China, 1906-1912

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Finding aid for the Michel de Maynard lantern slides of early twentieth-century China

Container List

Series I. Lantern slides, 1906-1912 230 items
The lantern slides taken by Michel de Maynard, a French Franciscan missionary in China, document Chinese culture and missionary activity during the last days of the Qing dynasty, the revolution of 1911, and the birth of the Chinese Republic, notably in Shaanxi province.
Paper labels are adhered to the facing glass of most of the slides, many of which have handwritten annotations in French. Image titles are taken from these labels. A number of slides simply labeled "Voyages" are likely sights and outdoor countryside scenes that Maynard encountered on his cross-country travels.
Most slides are numbered on a second paper label adhered to the upper right hand corner of the facing glass. Numbers range from 1 to 518, but with numerous omissions.
Place names recorded on the labels have variant spellings. The most common and their modern equivalents are: Shensi or Chensi = Shaanxi; Zinganfou = Hsing-an-fu; Ts'inling = Qin (Qinling) Mountains. Additionally the Qing dynasty is written as Tching or Ch'iang.
Arranged in original order, with lettered slides preceeding numbered slides.
1 Maps
1 2002.R.43-A L'apostolat franciscain
Title on map.
1 2002.R.43-B La Chine
Title printed on map. Image same as 2002.R.43-B(bis).
1 2002.R.43-B(bis) La Chine
Title printed on map. Written on label: Carte de la Chine. Image same as 2002.R.43-B.
1 2002.R.43-C Carte de Chine
The map is dated 1903.
1 2002.R.43-D La province de Chantong (Chine)
Map of Shantung province.
1 2002.R.43-1 Mon passeport franco-chinois…
Annotation continues: …delivré par le Ministère des affaires étrangères de Pékin et la légation de France. The passport gives permission to preach in Shaanxi province, to live, rent a house, buy fields, and so forth.
1 2002.R.43-2 Mon passeport chinois (sept. 1912) pris durant la révolution gagner la Chantong via Pékin en partant de Zinganfou
Hsing-an-fu prefecture. The document mentions that his place of departure from China is Yen T'ai on the Shandong coast.
1 2002.R.43-3 Ma carte de visite chinoise. Mei In Hoa
Chinese calligraphy: Plum shadow flower.
1 2002.R.43-5 Ma photo en chinois prise de T. Nevié en 1906
1 2002.R.43-7 Mgr. Tchang, vc. ap.[vicaire appointé] du Chantong oriental pp [Pères] Puliard, Vielle, Rme abbé de la Trappe près de Pekin, pp. de Maynard, Tchang et Mairel
1 2002.R.43-8 Mgr. Wittner, coadjuteur de Mgr Tchang devenu vicaire apostolique, avec un groupe de missionaires du ? de Tsing-Tchou
Ching-Chou (Qing Zhou).
1 2002.R.43-9 [Seven Men Standing outside Heavenly Lord Shrine]
Shows a Jesuit building, probably in Peking, with four Westerners (priests?) and three local elites or converts.
1 2002.R.43-10 [Distant View of Heavenly Lord Shrine]
1 2002.R.43-11 [Nuns and Missionaries outside a Building]
Possibly a Sunday school or mission.
1 2002.R.43-13 [Chinese Missionary Band]
Twenty men with Western horns, woodwinds and drums. They could be Chinese converts, observers or attendees.
1 2002.R.43-14 [Chinese Militia]
Eighteen men in non-standard uniforms; these men were often hired to protect missionaries, some wear crosses on their cap or chest.
1 2002.R.43-15 [Large Western-style Building]
Possibly a school. Shows nuns and young people.
1 2002.R.43-16 [Two Nuns with 28 Children and Adults outside a Mission]
1 2002.R.43-17 Église
Two women praying at the altar; in background are pictures of the life of Jesus, divine birth of Christ.
1 2002.R.43-19 [Large Group of Children and Young girls with Three Nuns outside a Mission]
They are dressed in heavy clothes, many are in uniform. May be a nursery school.
1 2002.R.43-21 [Scroll with a Prayer in Chinese]
The Trinity is mentioned, part of scripture; maybe a translation of liturgy or commentary.
1 2002.R.43-52 [The Forbidden City, Peking]
1 2002.R.43-53 [Tall Spiral Pagoda, Damaged at Top]
1 2002.R.43-55 [Tall Modern Buddhist Pagoda]
In Shensi?
1 2002.R.43-56 [Small Christian Shrine on a Plain with a Tree in Front]
1 2002.R.43-57 Entree de la pagode de Ta-sin-Tien sur la route de Hofou à Tsinamfou avec les mets offerts aux idoles par la localité
Ta-sin-Tien is near Honan and Shandong; Hofou is probably short for Honanfu, see slide number 58; Tsinamfou = Chinan?
1 2002.R.43-58 Pagode sur la cime d'une colline sur la route de Honanfou à Zinganfou
Zinganfou = Hsing-an-fu.
1 2002.R.43-60 Pagode "Liao-Yuan-T'a" où les hirondelles du nom de sa tour a 1 K 1.0 de [__]. C'est là que c'est tramée la révolution de Zhensi
A Buddhist temple called The Great Vehicle with incense burners visible. This is where the revolution in Shaanxi broke out.
1 2002.R.43-61 [Buddhist Shrine and Pagoda]
People making offerings and a Chinese wagon outside. Poems of blessing are on the columns, Tai Lien.
1 2002.R.43-62 [Upper Class People Sitting on a Bridge in the Courtyard of a Private Home]
1 2002.R.43-63 [Open-air Buddhist Shrine with Statues and a Funeral Monument with Inscription]
1 2002.R.43-65 [Newly Ordained Monks at Entrance Gate of Taoist Shrine]
Senior priests (precept transmitters) are in front. Wooden signboard reads: Ten thousand years old eight immortals palace. Second, partially visible board reads: Transmitting precepts. Calligraphy on columns reads: Imperial order-this shrine was built via official permission. The emperor was a patron of monks.
1 2002.R.43 [Daoist Priest Surrounded by Priests in Inner Shrine]
They are standing near the altar, with lanterns and phoenixes.
2 2002.R.43-67 [Buddhist Man and Boy Monks]
They are dressed in ornate robes, holding fans. Twenty-one strips or patches on front of a robe indicates an ordained monk.
2 2002.R.43-68 [Chinese Upper Class Man Sitting at a Table Playing the Qin]
Framed by two potted orchids.
2 2002.R.43-69 Boudha dit le Koan in [inventé?] par les chinois qui le considére comme le fils spirituel du Boudha incarné
This slide depicts a Buddha statue in Hakone, Japan. Cf: Fisher, Frieda, Japanisches Tagebuch: Lehr- und Wanderjahre. Munich: F. Bruckmann, 1938. Figure 23.
2 2002.R.43-70 Temple dédié aux 3 Boudhas: Fou (Fo), Koan-In et Mei Tai Ya (Maitreya)
2 2002.R.43-71 Statue du guerrier qui symbolise l'esprit gardien du santuaire à l'entree d'un temple boudhique
Moli-Shou, holding staff to beat enemies, one of four warriors guarding the shrine. Buddhist-Taoist in origin, he appears in two famous novels, one of which is Journey to the West, about a monk's pilgrimage.
2 2002.R.43-81 Tombeau de Hoangti empereur de Chine 1699 av. J-C. Le trouve près de la 1. préf[ecture] de Tchang-fou
Tomb of Huangdi, the Yellow Emperor, in Shaanxi.
2 2002.R.43-83 Tombeau d'un général chinois avec soldats en pierre
Ming tombs either south of Peking or outside Nanking.
2 2002.R.43-84 Tombeaux
Depicts large stone horses that mark the path to the tombs.
2 2002.R.43-86 [Stone Elephants and Visitors]
The stone elephants and the camels in background mark the path to the tombs.
2 2002.R.43-87 Sur la tombe des ancêtres, on p[__] aux vivants en y faisant séchier les TiKoa
Paper money being burnt as an offering to ancestors.
2 2002.R.43-88 [Group of Chinese Men in front of a Large Buddhist Pagoda]
2 2002.R.43-89 Enterrement chinois. Mannequin attendant l'heure du défilé
Shows a popular funerary practice in Shaanxi province.
2 2002.R.43-90 Enterrement chinois: Le défilé de mannequins, parasol, etc.
Figure of a noble from classical Chinese fiction who killed a tiger.
2 2002.R.43-102 [People Pulling Plow over Field, Small Shrine in Background]
2 2002.R.43-103 [Water Wheel Pump near Canal]
This device is for the irrigation of crops.
2 2002.R.43-104 [Men Hoeing]
2 2002.R.43-105 [Men Gathering Wheat into Sheaves]
There is a small village in the background.
2 2002.R.43-106 [Large Group of Men Gathering Wheat into Sheaves]
2 2002.R.43-108 [Two Children and a Donkey, One Riding, One Leading]
2 2002.R.43-112 [Man Separating Grains of Wheat from Chaff by Tossing It in a Basket]
2 2002.R.43-113 [Man Carrying Baskets of Vegetables]
2 2002.R.43-114 Le marché à Cheng-Tien n. p. de Tchang (Chan-Tong)
Probably in Shandong; market with baskets of rice, wine urns.
2 2002.R.43-115 [Crowd with Wagons and Horses]
Waiting, probably on outskirts of market, or for wagon "tours."
2 2002.R.43-116 [Groom Holding Reins of Horse and Flychaser]
2 2002.R.43-117 [Groom Holding Horse's Bridle in front of Carved Paneled Wall]
2 2002.R.43-118 [Groom Holding Bridles of Two Donkeys with Cut and Ornate Manes]
2 2002.R.43-119 [Agricultural Workers? on Farm]
2 2002.R.43-121 Voyages
Chinese men riding, roped together pack mules, three funeral monuments in background.
2 2002.R.43-122 Voyages
Depicts a donkey heavily laden with large urns.
2 2002.R.43-131 [Large Chinese Fortress or Government Building overlooking a Pond]
2 2002.R.43-133 [Ruins of Large Western-style Church]
2 2002.R.43-134 [View from inside Ruined Fortress?]
2 2002.R.43-135 [View from inside Ruined Fortress?]
3 2002.R.43-136 [View from inside Ruined Fortress?]
3 2002.R.43-137 [View from inside Ruined Fortress?]
3 2002.R.43-139 Tchang Fong-hoei, chef révolutionnaire des Shensi (1911-1912), et sa [sic] garde du corps
Group portrait of Zhang Fenghui, the leader of the Shaanxi revolution, and his bodyguards.
3 2002.R.43-140 Tchang Yungchou, chef des bandes révolutionnaires du Chensi (1911-1912)
3 2002.R.43-141 Lieou et ses 3 fils chef du'une section de la route Kohohoei à Zinganfou 1911-1912
Local militia?
3 2002.R.43-142 [Bandit Group or Local Militia]
3 2002.R.43-143 Trois anciens soldats de l'armée impériale dans l'armée révolutionnaire du Shensi (1911-1912)
Former Imperial soldiers who switched sides to revolutionary army.
3 2002.R.43-144 [Group of Uniformed Soldiers and Leader Posed in front of a Building]
3 2002.R.43-146 [Crowd of Soldiers and Onlookers in front of Barracks near a Training Field]
3 2002.R.43-147 [Military Procession with Flags]
Probably local militia marching, or a bandit gang, Shandong provence.
3 2002.R.43-148 Soldats mahometans de Fongsiangfou (Shensi) descendant contre les bandes révolutionnaires de Zinganfou
Fongsiangfou = the Flying Phoenix. Two characters on the flag read: Left Forward Guard. The Muslim general, Ma Anliang, led his Hui (ethnic Chinese Muslim) soldiers to defend the Qing imperials and attacked the revolutionary forces holding Shaanxi.
3 2002.R.43-150 [Student Brass Band Posed in front of a Building]
Sign reads: Troop music.
3 2002.R.43-153 La vieille caserne d'infanterie à Zinganfou (intra muros) dénommée "Pekao-tchang"
Sign above door reads: Collective Opinion Meeting House.
3 2002.R.43-156 [Central Headquarters, for Army Infantry, 2nd Division]
Sign reads: Habitation Yamen, Shaanxi provence.
3 2002.R.43-158 [Manchu Nobleman with Bow]
3 2002.R.43-159 [Soldier]
Maybe an imperial soldier, or in the military guard of a local warlord.
3 2002.R.43-160 [Uniformed Soldiers at Military School?]
3 2002.R.43-161 [Three Uniformed Officers Wearing Western-style Coats]
3 2002.R.43-164 [Horsemen in Formation outside a Fortress]
3 2002.R.43-165 [Groom Holding Horse's Bridle and Riding Crop]
3 2002.R.43-166 [Officer of High Rank]
As indicated by flower on uniform.
3 2002.R.43-167 [People, Carts and Horses in Fields]
Possibly cultivating wheat.
3 2002.R.43-168 Le [___] de canon utilisé par l'armée chinoise en 1911 avec officiers, sous-officiers et servants d'une batterie
3 2002.R.43-169 Un bataillon d'infanterie de l'armée impériale à Zinganfou (juillet 1911)
3 2002.R.43-170 [Group of Muslim Soldiers]
3 2002.R.43-171 [Mounted Qing Official and Servant]
3 2002.R.43-172 Deux capitaines d'infanterie en garnison! Zinganfou (Juin 1911)
They may be on leave as indicated by their casual cloth shoes.
3 2002.R.43-173 Yuen-Chi-Kai
Yuan Shikai is wearing ceremonial Manchu (Qing) robes, so this image was probably taken prior to 1911 when he was still an official and not yet the provisional president of the Republic, or later, its self-proclaimed emperor.
3 2002.R.43-174 Mandarin militaire chargé de la police des routes
The letters on their jackets read: Shensi North Route Patrol and Defense Small.
3 2002.R.43-176 [Imperial Army Officers Holding Dragon Banner]
3 2002.R.43-177 [Officer Astride Horse, Holding Riding Crop]
3 2002.R.43-179 [Qing Officers in Western-style Dress outside a Building at a Graduation Ceremony]
Banner reads: Xi'an (Hsi'an) Middle School - 2nd Year.
3 2002.R.43-181 Missionnaires en voyage
4 2002.R.43-201 [Qing Official with Phoenix or Bluebird on His Vest]
4 2002.R.43-202 Types
Tching officials possibly at a funeral, as they are wearing white, standing on the front steps of a Western-style building, possibly a church.
4 2002.R.43-203 [Scholars or Officials outside a Chinese Building]
Note: Possibly depicts a wealthy home. They are in casual dress, under a dragon sign.
4 2002.R.43-204 [Qing Officials outside Building]
4 2002.R.43-205 Types
Upper class men, wearing silk.
4 2002.R.43-206 Types spéciaux mandarins
Tching or Manchu dress, probably in winter.
4 2002.R.43-208 [Two Men in Heavy Clothes, One Seated, One Standing]
Most likely a member of the imperial family and his servant.
4 2002.R.43-209 [Upper Class Man at Ornate Table]
He is wearing heavy clothes and is next to a table with clock, small music box and water pipe.
4 2002.R.43-220 [Removal of Queues]
Possibly of prisoners. Imperial soldiers? The men are being held and are tied up and near a typical "prisoner" cage.
4 2002.R.43-222 Après la décapitation
Shows two headless corpses.
4 2002.R.43-223 Supplice chinois de la strangulation.
A cruel punishment, slow death in which one was strangled by one's own weight after bricks were removed from under one's feet.
4 2002.R.43-224 [Decapitation Scene]
Shows five headless corpses and four heads; it seems to be at a pottery factory or storage facility, with workers looking on.
4 2002.R.43-230 Familles
Portrait of an upper class child standing next to chair, holding a scroll, and next to camelia.
4 2002.R.43-231 [Group Portrait of Scholars at Fan Chuan in Shensi Province]
This is a gathering of outstanding students from different schools. Chinese characters on banner above them read: Overview of South Shensi province.
4 2002.R.43-232 [Line of Soldiers Standing at Attention and a Military Band]
4 2002.R.43-233 Écoles-Étudiants
Seated master near ornate table; three students standing; Western-style books.
4 2002.R.43-234 [Man in Odd Long-sleeved Robe]
This looks almost like a woman's robe.
4 2002.R.43-235 [Three Upper Class Men in Heavy Quilted Robes; Two Holding Western-style Books]
4 2002.R.43-236 [Man Reclining on Bed in Scholars Reading Room, Reading Scroll]
Same man as in slide number 237.
4 2002.R.43-237 [Man Sitting in Reclining Wicker Chair, Reading Scroll]
Same man as in slide number 236.
4 2002.R.43-238 [Children's Church School Group Portrait]
Sign reads: House to Practice Liturgy.
4 2002.R.43-250 Dans les monts Ts'in ling (Chensi) Le lit d'un torrent
View of the Qin (Qinling) Mountains, Shaanxi.
4 2002.R.43-252 [Field and Forest near the View of the Qin Mountains]
4 2002.R.43-254 Dans les monts Ts'inling (Chensi) l'entrée d'une gorge
4 2002.R.43-255 [Porters and Donkeys on Road]
4 2002.R.43-256 Paysage près de Hoang-hai en Chang-y, au bord du Huai-ho Chang-i
In Shandong; his rental wagons may be visible.
4 2002.R.43-260 [Chinese Herbalist Sitting in a Courtyard]
4 2002.R.43-261 [Four Men with Dog Standing in a Walled Courtyard]
Taken during winter; one man is holding a water pipe, another a dry tobacco pipe.
4 2002.R.43-263 [Four Young Men Standing in a Walled Garden, Holding Fans]
4 2002.R.43-265 [Four Men sitting in Garden, Holding Folding Fans]
Banner reads: Summer Palace, Four Happiness House.
4 2002.R.43-266 [Four Upper Class Men in Courtyard Garden with Lotus Flower Tree, One Sitting on Fence]
Probably taken in early summer.
4 2002.R.43-267 [Outside a Fortress, Four People Visible near Willow Trees]
Taken in winter.
5 2002.R.43-268 [Six Adults and a Child Posed in a Garden]
5 2002.R.43-269 Jardin du club honanais (vue d'hiver à Zinganfou)
The people are posed on a stone bridge.
5 2002.R.43-271 [Upper Class Men Posed in Courtyard Garden, Surrounded by Lotus Flowers]
5 2002.R.43-272 [Seated Upper Class Men in Open Air Shade Pavilion]
5 2002.R.43-273 Vues du "Poyuen" cèlébre par la séjour qu'y fit du 1900 la cour imperiale fuyant les turbulences internationals
Sian was place of refuge during the Boxer Rebellion.
5 2002.R.43-274 [Vues du "Poyuen"]
Similar to slide number 273, but taken from a different vantage point.
5 2002.R.43-275 Pont de marbre du jardin du palais impériale d'été dit Yuen Ming Yuan
At the Summer Palace.
5 2002.R.43-277 [Stone Formation That Looks Like an Old Man]
There are many similar formations in the south, this was perhaps brought north by the imperial family.
5 2002.R.43-278 Un coin de la fameuse grande muraille de Chine 9600 lieues de long
5 2002.R.43-279 Autre coin de la grande muraille de Chine vieille de 2000 ans pavée avec une partie dégradée
5 2002.R.43-281 Un arc de triomphe à la mémoire d'un homme célèbre dans un faubourg de Pékin
Hatumen gate, one of the main gates for travelers entering Peking.
5 2002.R.43-294 Comédiens chinois – dans une scène de comédies de mœurs
Peking Opera.
5 2002.R.43-296 Comédiens chinois - dans une scène d'une pièce dite beiarique[?]
Peking Opera; scene of female "generals" defending themselves.
5 2002.R.43-300 [Seven Men Eating and Playing Games at a Table]
5 2002.R.43-301 [Two Men Playing Chinese Chess at an Ornate Table, One with a Long Queue]
5 2002.R.43-302 [Two Upper Class Men with Long Queues, Playing Chess]
Chinese scroll with landscape painting in background; snuff bottle.
5 2002.R.43-303 [Three Middle Class Men Standing in front of an Ornate Table]
They are perhaps gambling. Two have pipes: one water, one "dry" tobacco.
5 2002.R.43-304 [Two Upper Class Men Sitting at an Ornate Table]
One with Western-style glasses holding a flute; the other holding a ch'in (stringed instrument); Western-style woman's purse on table.
5 2002.R.43-316 Voyages par mer
Depicts a large junk with three Chinese sails.
5 2002.R.43-317 [Barges and Boats on River]
5 2002.R.43-318 Voyages
Depicts a horse and buggy led by a man on horseback; all are wearing official costume.
5 2002-R.43-320 Voyages
Depicts a horse and carriage near three standing funerary monuments.
5 2002.R.43-321 [Two Pack Donkeys Carrying a Round Sedan Chair on Poles between Them]
This is typical of those used in Yen Tai and perhaps other places.
5 2002.R.43-323 Voyages
Depicts men on a forested hill and donkeys bearing a sedan chair in steep descent.
5 2002.R.43-324 [Contract between Maynard and a Chinese Wagon Owner]
Written in Chinese, this document is from Shensi Province. Synopsis: A commercial wagon shop for the hire of two wagons. Each wagon has its own equipment and baggage. Maynard is to be taken to Yinanfu railway (probably in south Shandong province). In this contract, this wagon owner Ch'in Su Fu today lent his wagon and equipment to Fr. Maynard. After this contract, the price will not be changed and there shall be no returns. Wagon driver will prepare his own food (meals for driver not included). Driver can loan money but this has nothing to do with shop owner (owner is indemnifying himself). When Maynard arrives at his destination, contract expires and this is proof. Down payment indicated that a deposit was received of 25 silver pieces, with six remaining.
5 2002.R.43-325 Voyages
Man leading woman on donkey on a plain.
5 2002.R.43-326 [Groom Holding Horse's Bridle, Standing in front of Ornately Carved Door]
5 2002.R.43-327 [Groom and Horse]
Similar to slide number 326, but with a different horse.
5 2002.R.43-331 Voyages
Depicts people and a donkey in a rocky landscape.
5 2002.R.43-332 [Men, Parasols, and Laden Donkeys on a Dusty Road]
5 2002.R.43-334 [Men on Camels outside a Large Crenellated Stone Fortress in the Desert]
5 2002.R.43-335 [Two Men with Sail-aided Pushcarts]
5 2002.R.43-337 [Chinese Upper Class Scholars with Fans outside a Building with Carved Panels]
6 2002.R.43-339 [Officers and Soldiers on a Train]
6 2002.R.43-341 [Peasant Petting a Laden Donkey in a Field]
6 2002.R.43-344 [Village Outdoor Scene]
Shows people getting water from well, washing clothes, carrying water, drinking, man smoking a pipe.
6 2002.R.43-345 [Shattered House in a Village]
Probably taken after a bombing; tether used for shoeing horses is visible, as is their feed bin.
6 2002.R.43-347 [Stone Archway and Tunnels at the Beginning of the Great Wall]
Shan-Hai-Kuan (Mountain-Sea Pass), fortress crucial during Ming and Qing dynasties.
6 2002.R.43-349 Voyages
Street scene, horses, pedestrians, and shopfronts, one of which is a lacquer store.
6 2002.R.43-350 [A City Gate]
The wall has a tunnel underneath, with tents, shops, stalls, and wagons. It is possibly an entrance to Hsing-an or Peking.
6 2002.R.43-352 [Small Child inside a Stone Mortar and Pestle]
Nearby are a basket, broom, girl and a duck.
6 2002.R.43-353 [Two Western Men Sleeping on a Kang]
Note: A Chinese stove bed; stove with pipes going under bed to warm it, with a reed mattress.
6 2002.R.43-354 [Six Chinese Coins]
One coin with English writing: The Republic of China (dated 1911); one commemorative coin for the Republic; two copper coins from the Qing dynasty; two with square holes probably from between 1821 and 1850.
6 2002.R.43-370 [Beggar in Rags Seated in Basket with Metal Teapot]
6 2002.R.43-371 [Beggar Standing in Doorway]
6 2002.R.43-385 [Peddler Dressed in Quilted Jacket, with Basket and Fan]
6 2002.R.43-386 [Apple Merchant with Pole and Four Baskets of Apples]
6 2002.R.43-387 [Man Standing near a Large Loom with Houses and Low Stone Walls behind Him]
6 2002.R.43-388 [Workers Washing Cloth]
They are twisting a long piece of it (probably after applying starch) over stony ground.
6 2002.R.43-390 Voyages
Shows a man bending over a donkey lying on ground,with children looking on in the background. He is shoeing the animal or doctoring an injured foot.
6 2002.R.43-391 [Men Standing outside a Doorway with a Dog and Three Pot-bellied Pigs]
6 2002.R.43-392 [Two Men Carrying a Live Pig on a Pole]
6 2002.R.43-394 [Five Seated and Standing Men]
Two wear Western-style glasses, and one is holding a water pipe. They are probably local Qing officials, as they are still wearing queues.
6 2002.R.43-395 [Two Men Sawing a Log]
6 2002.R.43-396 [Bare-chested Workers, Loading and Unloading Carts at a Seaport]
6 2002.R.43-397 [Four Men Using Ropes to Pull and Push a Cart up a Sloped Street]
6 2002.R.43-398 Serviteurs de mandarins
Two very young men, upper class teachers or students, wearing pre-1911 official caps with the long, black tassels of the Qing dynasty, white robes and quilted jackets. Robe color indicates rank.
6 2002.R.43-400 [Three Upper Class Men in Silk Hats with Carved Screens and Potted Chrysanthemums behind Them]
6 2002.R.43-401 [Three Men, Two Seated, One Standing, Holding Western-style Books]
6 2002.R.43-402 Un sienchang maítre en calligraphie au service de la mission
This man with a long queue seated, at table with paper, brushes and inkwell, is the mission's calligrapher master.
6 2002.R.43-405 [Beggar Child Sitting in Street next to a Wooden Spinning Wheel]
6 2002.R.43-406 [Blindered Donkey Attached to a Grinding Stone]
This is a typical stone used in grinding wheat in Yen Tai. With four women standing nearby.
6 2002.R.43-408 [Two Women Doing Laundry near a Ditch in the Fields]
6 2002.R.43-409 Au bord du Wei-ho (Chantong). Les dames lavant leur linges [sic]
6 2002.R.43-410 Dans la cour de la maison. Les brus lavant le linge de la famille
Four young women washing clothes.
6 2002.R.43-424 [Two Bare-chested Men Seated near an Ornate Table]
They may be informally dressed scholars in the summer. See slide number 425.
7 2002.R.43-425 [Family Scene]
Probably two brothers and their children, posed in front of the same table as in slide number 424, but with different plants.
7 2002.R.43-426 [Two Upper Class Men, One Seated, One Standing in front of an Ornate Table]
Different table covering, with orchid, clock, and teapot.
7 2002.R.43-433 Jeunes filles mandchous de Zinganfou, victimes de la révolution de 1911
Five women dressed in heavy, quilted robes.
7 2002.R.43-434 [Children from a Wealthy Family with Their Maid]
7 2002.R.43-435 [Two Seated Manchu Women]
They wear quilted robes and high platform shoes and have ornately-dressed hair.
7 2002.R.43-436 Types mandchous
Manchu noble women holding fans, three seated, two standing, one with water pipe.
7 2002.R.43-437 [Seated Older Upper Class Woman]
She is wearing platform shoes and a "hat" with lotus flower, near an ornate table with a flower arrangement and a porcelain clock.
7 2002,R.43-440 [Four Women and a Boy Standing and Seated in front of the Carved Panel Door of a House],
The women hold folding fans. See slide number 443.
7 2002.R.43-441 [Two Seated Women and a Child]
They are warmly dressed and sit in front of table with a clock; a leopard skin rug is on the floor. The child wears a long-life pendant.
7 2002.R.43-443 [Seven Upper Class Women]
Portrait of a family (?) in front of a house. Shows the same carved panel door as slide number 440. The grandmother has bound feet.
7 2002.R.43-446 [Three Upper Class Women]
The older one in the middle, with powdered face, holds a baby whose cap reads: Nobility.
7 2002.R.43-449 [Family Portrait in an Outdoor Courtyard]
The group comprises a husband, wife and three children. One child has his head shaved except for a tiny queue. Possibly taken in Shandong.
7 2002.R.43-450 [Portrait of Five Upper Class Children]
The group comprises three girls and two boys; four seated and one standing. The girls have bound feet, one boy wears a long-life pendant.
7 2002.R.43-452 [Portrait of a Young Boy]
With clock on bamboo shelf, teacup and Chinese books.
7 2002.R.43-454 [Three Generations: Two Men and a Boy]
Probably grandfather, father and son, seated in front of a table with potted plants, teapot and clock.
7 2002.R.43-456 [Upper Class Manchu Woman Seated with Infant and Flanked by Two Standing Children]
7 2002.R.43-457 [Three Boys Seated in front of a Table]
The caps they wear are not traditional and may be Western military-style caps.
7 2002.R.43-458 [Boy and Girl Standing near a Table with a Plum Branch]
The girl does not have bound feet.
7 2002.R.43-489 Familles
Seven family members, seated or standing near ornate carved panel door, wear winter (heavy quilted) clothes; the man wears a fur cloak.
7 2002.R.43-490 Types mandchous - famille mandchou
Ten Mandarin family members; woman has bound feet.
7 2002.R.43-492 [Portrait of an Extended Manchu Family]
Thirty Manchu men, women, and children.
7 2002.R.43-493 [Seated Mandarin Woman Wearing Winter Clothing]
7 2002.R.43-493(bis) 4 jeunes mariés de Zinganfou
Hsing-an-fu. Four elaborately dressed young brides, wearing earrings.
7 2002.R.43-494 [Young Couple Seated near a Table]
With white fringed cloth, vases with peonies, clock.
7 2002.R.43-495 [Boy Holding an Infant Outdoors]
7 2002.R.43-499 [Four Women and Two Children Eating Outside at a Low Table]
Not an upper class family.
7 2002.R.43-501 Enfant tenant péche et gâteau de mille
Contrary to the caption, the portrait is of a seated young man grinning, holding a rice bowl and chopsticks aloft.
7 2002.R.43-502 [Three Poor Men with Sunburnt Faces Holding Rice Bowls]
7 2002.R.43-509 [Five Upper Class Women and Two Children Standing in an Outside Courtyard]
7 2002.R.43-510 [Two Well-dressed Upper Class Men Seated in Front of Scrolls]
One scroll contains a quotation from the Tang poet Tufu. One man has a long dry tobacco pipe and a water pipe.
7 2002.R.43-516 [People under a Canvas Tent in a Walled Backyard]
7 2002.R.43-517 [Manchu Nobles outside an Ivy-covered Building]
The 19 men are local elites or officials in semi-casual dress. The slide is unnumbered.
7 2002.R.43-518 [Large Group of Tching Officials Gathered on the Porch of a Prefecture or Office Building]
The slide is unnumbered.

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