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Leonard Nadel photographs and other material relating to housing and urban redevelopment in Los Angeles, 1947-1998 (bulk 1947-1957)

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Nadel (Leonard) Photographs and other material relating to housing and urban redevelopment in Los Angeles
Series I. Projects related to housing and urban redevelopment, 1947-1998, undated 3 Linear Feet (6 boxes)
The series consists primarily of negatives, contact prints, and notes that Nadel produced while working for the Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles (HACLA) in the 1940s and 1950s. In addition to documentation of HACLA's public housing projects, there are also photographic surveys of the city's slums and historic areas targeted by the Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) for demolition and revitalization. Additionally, there are photographs of the planning meetings of city officials and architects, tours, hearings, and conferences. See Series II for Nadel's extensive documentation of the Pueblo del Rio and Aliso Village projects.
File titles are loosley derived from Nadel's notes jotted on the manilla or glassine envelopes containing the negatives and contact prints. Consequently, some titles may include language now considered to be outdated or biased.
Arrangement
Arranged in three subseries: Series I.A. Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles, 1948-1997; Series I.B. Community Redevelopment Agency, 1948-1998; Series I.C. Various subjects, undated.
Series I.A. Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles, 1948-1997, undated 1.5 Linear Feet
Leonard Nadel photographs for the Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles, 1948-1997

The Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles (HACLA) was established in 1938 by City of Los Angeles Resolution No. 1241. HACLA is one of the oldest public housing authorities in the United States, and currently one of the largest. Agencies such as HACLA grew out of the federal Housing Act of 1937 (P.L. 75-412). Under the terms of the act, public housing was to be built and owned by state-chartered and locally governed public housing authorities (PHAs). While public housing was built with federal funding, it was meant to be sustained by tenant rents, which meant that tenant income levels had to be high enough to cover the rents charged. However, there was a cap on tenant income to keep public housing from competing with the private market. Nevertheless, the populations of early public housing developments were frequently made up of white working-class or middle-class families. The Housing Act also stipulated that an unsafe or unsanitary housing unit had to be eliminated for each new unit built. This provision gave rise to the practice that became known as "slum clearance."
In 1940, the Lanham Act stopped the building of low-rent of public housing in order to create housing for defense workers, and also gave such workers priority for existing public housing units. The Housing Act of 1949 (P.L. 81-171) resumed the low-rent public housing program. While the resultant federal policy goal was to provide "a decent home and suitable living environment for every American family," it also authorized the Urban Renewal program which codified the slum clearance policy of the 1937 Federal Housing act. It also stipulated that communities were required to give preference for public housing units to families displaced by urban renewal. These changes – a lower income threshold and the need to those displaced by slum clearance - meant that the populations of housing projects began to shift from white families to families of color. Nadel's photographic documentation begins at this early post-war moment when the demographics of Los Angeles public housing was beginning to shift.
The bulk of the subseries comprises negatives, contact prints, annotated envelopes, and notes produced by Nadel as a documentary photographer for HACLA. From aerial and panoramic views to close-range shots, Nadel documented not only the physical environment and buildings, but also their inhabitants. A good portion of the material focuses on individual families or tenants, affording a very personal portrait of slum and project life in post-war Los Angeles. In addition to documentation of public housing projects such as Avalon Gardens, Ramona Gardens, Basilone Homes, and the unrealized Elysian Park Heights project, the subseries also contains extensive documentation of Los Angeles slum areas, particularly those near downtown.
Among the other HACLA-related material is a copy of There's Nothing Sentimental About Your Cash Register, which consolidates HACLA's 8th, 9th, and 10th annual reports with accompanying photographs, and a copy of And Ten Thousand More, the 1949 University of Southern California student film produced for HACLA. Also included is a small amount of material related to Frank Wilkinson, the assistant director of HACLA; planning meetings of city officials and architects, including Richard Neutra, Robert Alexander, and Lloyd Wright; tours; hearings; and conferences. See Series II for Nadel's extensive documentation of the Pueblo del Rio and Aliso Village projects.
Arrangement
Arrangement is chronological by project or topic, with obviously related material, mostly undated, occasionally included in a grouping. Nadel's original grouping of material within each envelope is retained. The envelopes often contain a mixture of subjects and projects, and each group is therefore classified according to the preponderance of the visual materials contained within it. However, the notes on these envelopes and the accompanying note cards do not always reflect the subject matter of the negatives and prints contained in them.
box folder
13 1 The 8th, 9th, and 10th consolidated annual report of the Housing Authority of Los Angeles, 1948 1 reports
Spiral-bound annual report titled There's Nothing Sentimental about your Cash Register. Research by Los Angeles City Planning Commission and Los Angeles City Health Department. Photographs by Leonard Nadel, Thomas Barnett, Helen Brush, Los Angeles Daily News, Gene Daniels, Tyler Redd, Julius Shulman, Spence Air Photos, and Louis Clyde Stoumen.
box folder
14 1 And Ten Thousand More, 1949 1 item
And Ten Thousand More

The title of the film And Ten Thousand More refers to the number of new housing units that were needed in Los Angeles when the film was made in 1951. It was produced by HACLA as an argument for the financing of low-income public housing. The storyline records a newspaper reporter's visits to the slums in central Los Angeles and contrasts the conditions he finds there with those of the city's pre–World War II era housing projects. Directors/Producers: Algernon G. Walker, Gene Petersen. Narrator: Chet Huntley. Cast: Harold C. Hillhouse.
The original [?] film was reformatted as a vidoecassette in 1997. Videocassette labeled: University of Southern California Student Film And Ten Thousand More (1949) First Amendment Foundation. Narrated by Chet Huntley. Edited by Edward Lybeck and Frank Wilkinson.
Slums, 1948-1952, undated
Includes extensive documentation of slum areas in and near downtown Los Angeles, often by specific street address. Note cards include information regarding names of occupants, family composition, wages earned, rents paid, and living conditions.
box folder
1 1 Mixed use areas (industrial and housing), 1948 August 31 items (30 negatives, 1 envelope)
Views of housing in downtown Los Angeles, housing situated in close proximity to construction zones and industrial areas, and possibly scenes in Chávez Ravine. On envelope: Chávez Ravine / Industrial congestion / (Housing report).
1 2 Tent living on Rose Hill, 1948 October 14 13 items (11 negatives, 1 envelope, 1 note card)
Documents the homes of the Perea (2701 Amethyst St.), and Allman (4000 Amethyst St.) families. On envelope: Slums - tents (Rose Hill).
1 3 219 N. Olive St., 1948 October 21 6 items (5 negatives, 1 envelope)
Exterior, interior, bedroom, kitchen, and inhabitants.
1 4 Burned out housing, circa 1948 5 items (4 negatives, 1 envelope)
Includes one interior scene with a woman and girl washing. On envelope: Fire (housing).
1 5 Chaney family, Hewitt St., 1950 April 21 2 items (1 negative, 1 envelope)
1 6 Fickett Hollow slums, 1950 July 22 7 items (3 negatives, 3 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Fickett Hollow area of Boyle Heights. Also includes a view of tenements behind City Hall.
Aliso St., 1952
box folder
1 7 Demolition progress, 1952 June 2 5 items (2 negatives, 2 contact prints, 1 envelope)
1 8 Children, Aliso Alley, 1952 July 15 3 items (1 print, 1 negative, 1 envelope)
1 9 Fire, Aliso, 1952 September 12 6 items (3 negatives, 2 prints, 1 envelope)
Firefighters putting out a fire.
1 10 205 N. Flower, 1952 June 9 3 items (1 negative, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
1 11 Ord St. near City Hall, 1952 June 12 3 items (1 negative, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
Mission Road 1952
box folder
1 12 Mission Rd., 1952 July 23 3 items (1 negative, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
1 13 319 N. Mission Rd., 1952 August 22 3 items (1 negative, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
Rehabilitating housing.
1 14 Seventh and Mateo streets, 1952 August 22 3 items (1 negative, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
1 15 Seventh and Mateo and W. Third and San Pedro streets, 1952 July 17 10 items (5 negatives, 2 contact prints, 3 envelopes)
Includes views of Chávez Ravine. On envelope: Chávez (old ones).
1 16 730 W. Third St., 1952 July 17 4 items (1 negative, 1 contact print, 2 envelopes)
View of tenement with outhouses.
1 17 Bauchet St., 1952 August 22 5 items (2 negatives, 2 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Rear patio with boy standing under laundry lines.
1 18 Shacks and outhouse, undated 8 items (4 negatives, 2 contact prints, 1 envelope, 1 note card)
Shows one- and -two-story housing, an outhouse, and housing demolition. On envelope: Slums.
1 19 Slum house, Bowery, undated 5 items (4 negatives, 1 envelope)
Includes views of Jack's Place liquor store and Morning Star Mission storefronts.
1 20 Slums (location unidentifed), undated 20 items (19 negatives, 1 envelope)
Public housing projects, 1949, undated
Includes photographs of Ramona Gardens, Avalon Gardens, and Basilone Homes for Veterans.
Ramona Gardens is an historically Hispanic public housing development in Boyle Heights. It was designed by Housing Architects Associated (Ralph Flewelling, George J. Adams, Lloyd Wright, Lewis Eugene Wilson, and Eugene Weston Jr.). Building began in early 1940 and its first tenants moved in in January, 1941.
Rose Hill Courts, located at 4446 Florizel St. in Monteceto Heights was originally built as housing for World War II defense workers and was completed in 1942. After the war it became public housing.
Avalon Gardens is located in the Green Medows area of South Los Angeles. Built in 1941 for military families and veterans, it was opened to low income residents in 1947, although units did not become available until the 1950s due to the ongoing housing shortage.
Barracks for the US Army Corp of Engineers who were building Hansen Dam in 1940 occupied the site that became the racially integrated Basilone Homes for Veterans public housing project in Pacoima, which opened in 1947.
box folder
1 21 Photo exhibition at Ramona Gardens, 1949 March 7 7 items (6 negatives, 1 envelope)
The images depict residents viewing an exhibition of Nadel's (?) work depicting community life and activities in Ramona Gardens.
Ramona Gardens is an historically Latino public housing development in Boyle Heights. It was designed by Housing Architects Associated (Ralph Flewelling, George J. Adams, Lloyd Wright, Lewis Eugene Wilson, and Eugene Weston Jr.). Building began in early 1940 and its first tenants moved in in January, 1941.
1 22 Rose Hill Courts, Avalon Gardens, undated 13 items (6 negatives, 5 contact prints, 1 envelope, 1 note card)
Primarily views of mixed groups of children playing outdoors.
Rose Hill Courts, located at 4446 Florizel St. in Monteceto Heights was originally built as housing for World War II defense workers and was completed in 1942. After the war it became public housing.
1 23 Avalon Gardens, undated 10 items (9 negatives, 1 envelope)
Depicts an outdoor carnival. Also included is a portrait of Georgia Ferris, a white girl.
Avalon Gardens is located in the Green Medows area of South Los Angeles. Built in 1941 for military families and veterans, it was opened to low income residents in 1947, although units did not become available until the 1950s due to the ongoing housing shortage.
Veterans housing, 1949, undated
box folder
1 24 Inter-council conference, undated 3 items (2 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Materials displayed on the walls relate to veterans housing.
1 25 Basilone homes, 1949 January 12 18 items (9 negatives, 8 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Homes for veterans sign. People playing in the snow. Children making snowman.
Barracks for the US Army Corp of Engineers who were building Hansen Dam in 1940 occupied the site that became the racially integrated Basilone Homes for Veterans public housing project in Pacoima, which opened in 1947.
Civic Center area, 1950-1951, undated
Includes views of downtown Los Angeles's civic buildings and the slums in their immediate vicinity.
box folder
1 26 View of City Hall and Federal Building, 1950 May 1 3 items (1 negative, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
1 27 Civic Center views, 1951 January 10 21 items (10 negatives, 10 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Views of Los Angeles taken from a tower; views of City Hall; and views of the Los Angeles River.
1 28 Demolition, Civic Center, First Street, 1951 July 13 32 items (16 negatives, 14 contact prints, 2 envelopes)
1 29 Tenements near City Hall, undated 4 items (2 negatives, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
Exterior views. Includes a view of the Los Angeles River.
San Pedro, 1950-1952
box folder
1 30 Channel Heights, 1950 June 16 5 items (2 negatives, 2 contact prints, 1 envelope)
View of housing with children playing on lawn.
The Channel Heights Housing Project was built for defense workers at the port of San Pedro. It was designed by Richard Neutra in 1942.
1 31 Rancho San Pedro grading, 1952 July 24 11 items (5 negatives, 5 contact prints, 1 envelope)
S. Mesa to Centre and W. First to Second St. area.
Rancho San Pedro was constructed in 1942 for defense workers and was converted to public housing in 1952.
Elysian Park Heights project, 1950-1997, undated
Elysian Park Heights was HACLA's proposed public housing project meant to replace the semi-rural, predominantly Mexican-American neighborhoods of La Loma, Palo Verde, and Bishop and the surrounding hillside grazing lands in Chávez Ravine. In the nineteenth-century, Chávez Ravine was owned by Julian Chávez, a rancher, landowner, and local official. A pest house for smallpox sufferers, a Jewish cemetery, and brick factories were also located in the ravine.
By 1951, the area was home to over 1,800 families, many of whom owned their own homes. Yet the ravine's proximity to downtown Los Angeles made it highly desirable real estate, and a narrative of a poor, "blighted" community was spun by HACLA and other players who wished to see the area redeveloped. HACLA began acquiring the land in 1951 through both voluntary sales and the process of eminent domain, and most of the existing properties were razed between 1952 and 1953.
The planned public housing development, which would have converted the ravine's housing from single-family homes to high- and –low-rise apartments and doubled the number of families living in the area, was designed by Richard Neutra and Robert Alexander. Yet, with the ravine vacated of most of its residents and original housing, the tide turned in 1953 when Norris Poulson, an opponent of public housing, was elected mayor of Los Angeles. Under the claim that public housing was "un-American," the Elysian Park Heights project was halted before building began. After an extended struggle over ownership the land was eventually purchased by the city of Los Angeles under the condition that it be used for a "public purpose." More years of wrangling over the land's development ensued until finally the definition of "public purpose" was stretched to include the building of a baseball stadium. Walter O'Malley, who was looking for a new home for the Brooklyn Dodgers, purchased Chávez Ravine from the city in 1958, with the land consequently reverting to private ownership.
box folder
1 32 Chávez views, 1950 April-1950 June 54 items (27 negatives, 22 contact prints, 4 envelopes, 1 note card)
Views of Chávez Ravine depict the rural nature of the area with animals grazing on its open hillsides and unpaved roads leading to dense clusters of houses. Includes views of Bishop Rd. and Effie St., Chávez Ravine Rd. and Lilac Terrace, and Chávez Ravine Rd. Shot on 23 April, 1 May, and 6 June. Also includes views of the city from the ravine. For the joined panorama (12-123 a-c) see Box 13, Folder 1.
box folder
13 3 Panoramas, 1950-1997, undated 13 items (11 photographic prints, 2 items)
Two two-part panoramic photographs, and a third, single view, and eight small joined panoramas (comprising two, three, or five photographs). The panoramas depict the area before and during land grading. Also includes notes by Nadel on Chávez Ravine and print-outs of Los Angeles Times articles.
box folder
1 33 Panoramic view of downtown Los Angeles from Elysian Park, circa 1950 10 items (4 negatives, 4 contact prints, 1 envelope, 1 note card)
Looking towards City Hall.
box folder
2 1 View of City Hall, circa 1950 3 items (1 negative, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
City Hall seen through palm trees in Chávez Ravine.
2 2 Dirt roads, Chávez, 1950 April 21 27 items (12 negatives, 12 contact prints, 1 envelope, 2 note cards)
Boys and girls outside and playing street baseball. Includes views of streets (Effie St. and Brooks Ave., Davis and Curtis streets, Spruce and Effie streets); houses; and a view of the hill looking towards the city.
2 3 Street scenes, 1950 April 23 5 items (2 negatives, 2 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Children on dirt roads, one image includes a milk truck parked on the side of the road. On envelope: Chávez Ravine: play areas, children, old man, landscapes, bad streets.
2 4 Sheep grazing, 1950 April 29 and 1950 May 1 20 items (14 negatives, 3 contact prints, 1 envelope, 2 note cards)
Views of the hillsides and slopes of Chávez ravine; a shepherd and his sheep; and two women talking in front of a quonset hut house. Includes negatives for the seven joined panoramas of the ravine housed in Box 13, Folder 1. On envelope: Views of Chávez Ravine.
2 5 Yolo Dr. and Pine St., circa 1950 5 items (2 negatives, 2 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Children playing in streets; two girls sitting on the rear bumper of a car.
2 6 Robert Alexander with two kids, 1950 August 31 3 items (1 negative, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
Architects' conference on Elysian Park, 1950
box folder
2 7 Architects' conference, 1950 October 2 46 items (11 negatives, 33 prints, 1 envelope, 1 note card)
Architects depicted include Richard Neutra, Robert Alexander, Patterson, and Mr. Cimino from the Development Division.
2 8 Chávez architects' conference, 1950 13 items (12 negatives, 1 envelope)
Participants include: Charles Waldman of HACLA; Reynald Jackson; Mr. Mayer, Managment Director; Mr. Sweeting, Chief Project Planner; and Mr. Cimino, Development Division.
2 9 Architects, 1950 5 items (4 negatives, 1 envelope)
Includes Richard Neutra, Robert Alexander, and Cimino. On envelope: Chávez architect's conference: Neutra, Alex., Cimino.
2 10 Drafting department and development division, 1950 October 2 25 items (12 negatives, 12 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Occupational portraits of Pete Perez, Lou Clerging [?], Jack Thass [?], and Sam Beckett.
2 11 Personnel, circa 1950 9 items (8 negatives, 1 envelope)
Portraits of Sid Grun [?], Clinton Arnold, Vicki Alonzo, Gracie, Botsy, Manny, and Ignacio Lopez.
2 12 Portraits, circa 1950 5 items (3 negatives, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
Identified on envelope: Rosen, F. W. [Frank Wilkinson], Nadel, Cimino. Also includes an unidentified woman.
2 13 Panorama of Lookout Mt. area, 1951 December 5 5 items (3 negatives, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
2 14 Views and meetings, 1952, undated 32 items ( 21 negatives, 10 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Views of the ravine; images from a conference or hearing including speakers, presenters, an installation shot of a wall display labeled "Growing Pains: Problems of the Industrial City," and portraits of participants, including a portrait of Tash Koshida (dated 21 May 1952). Also includes an image of a tenement near City Hall. No manilla envelope.
Demolition, 1952
box folder
2 15 Chávez demolition work, 1952 June 12 and 1952 July 8 7 items (3 negatives, 3 contact prints,1 envelope)
Curtis St. near Paducah and La Loma streets.
2 16 Demolition, fires, and house moving, 1952 June 24 15 items (7 negatives, 7 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Includes homes and buildings being demolished, burned, or moved to new sites.
2 17 Broad views of demolition, 1952 July 8 11 items (4 negatives, 4 contact prints, 3 envelopes)
Chávez Ravine, view from Curtis St.
2 18 Demolition in the ravine, circa 1952 14 items (13 negatives, 1 envelope)
Includes views of slopes with houses, children playing, and a ranchito. On envelope: Chávez (old ones).
2 19 Mailboxes, 1952 July 8 3 items (1 negative, 1 contact print, 1 envelope)
Mabrina [?] and Effie streets.
2 20 Elysian Park Heights trial, 1952 September 3 17 items (6 negatives, 5 contact prints, 5 envelopes, 1 note card)
On envelope: Elysian Garden Trail. Identified on envelope are: Carleton Williams (Los Angeles Times), Magnus [?] White (Los Angeles Examiner), Welton Weber (Assistant City District Attorney), and Clara McDonald. Possibly one of the eviction trails for residents who refused to leave the ravine.
2 21 Mexican dance group at Palo Verde School, undated 34 items (10 negatives, 22 contact prints, 1 envelope, 1 note card)
2 22 Portrait of an older Black man, undated 5 items (2 negatives, 2 contact prints, 1 envelope)
On envelope: Chávez.
Frank Wilkinson, 1950-1997, undated
In 1952, Frank Wilkinson, the assistant director of HACLA, was accused by real estate interests of being a Communist due to his championship of the proposed Elysian Park Heights housing project. He refused to state his political affiliations when under oath during hearings related to the matter and was fired from HACLA in 1953. He was a life-long civil liberties activist and a leading opponent of the House Committee on Un-American Activities.
box folder
13 2 Correspondence and articles, 1950-1997 10 items
Letter from Nadel to Edward Roybal. Letter from Clarence R. Johnson to Wilkinson. Letter from Wilkinson to Evelyn Nadel. Articles by Wilkinson and about Wilkinson.
2 23 Wilkinson housing tour, undated 18 items (10 negatives, 7 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Annotations on envelope: NYC housing tour; Wilkinson housing tour. Many images show Wilkinson surveying and climbing among demolition rubble.
Hearings, publicity, 1951-1953
box folder
2 24 Citizens Against Socialist Housing (CASH) and Mayor's hearings, circa 1951-1953 27 items (13 negatives, 13 contact prints, 1 envelope)
CASH was led by Frederick Dockweiler, a lawyer active in Los Angeles and California political issues, especially as an opponent of public housing initiatives.
On envelope: CASH and Mayor's hearings.
2 25 Housing Authority campaign (television), 1952 June 2 7 items (3 negatives, 3 contact prints, 1 envelope)
2 26 Protesters picketing public housing, 1952 June 28 5 items (2 negatives, 2 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Protesters, primarily women, carrying signs opposing public housing and Mayor Bowron's policies. On envelope: Protest picketing. Margaret Hess is identified on the envelope (as one of the protesters?).
Series I.B. Community Redevelopment Agency, 1948-1998, undated 1 Linear Feet
Leonard Nadel photographs of Community Redevelopment Agency projects, 1948-1998

Created in 1948, the Community Redevelopment Agency of the City of Los Angeles (CRA) was dedicated to revitalizing, refurbishing, and renewing economically depressed areas of the city. Its formation was a direct result of the California Redevelopment Law of 1945, which was supported by a coalition of two groups with opposing desires - advocates seeking downtown housing for low-income residents and business and real estate interests promoting downtown commercial rejuvenation. Although Los Angeles business community for the most part opposed the bill - the impact of urban decay on commerce and industry, rather than the living conditions of the poor was their main concern - the law did pass, and its required Planning Department study confirmed the need for a redevelopment agency in Los Angeles. One of the CRA's first activities was then to turn around and lobby for a change in the Community Redevelopment Law that would separate redevelopment from public housing programs. In 1950, the passage of an amendment to the law did just that, enabling the CRA to focus on business redevelopment rather than public housing for downtown "blighted" and slum areas. AThe CRA existed s an independent agency until 2011.
The subseries contains Nadel's photographic documentation of several areas of Los Angeles that the CRA targeted for commercial revitalization in the 1940s and 1950s, such as Bunker Hill; the Temple Street area; Ann Street; and the Alameda Street area. Nadel made meticulous photographic surveys, sometimes block by block, of the slums and historic areas targeted for demolition and redevelopment. Documentation of the Bunker Hill Renewal Project is particularly extensive. Also included is documentation of an Urban Redevelopment Commission tour. In addition to black-and-white negatives and contact prints, materials also include Nadel's original, annotated negative envelopes and handwritten notes.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged primarily by geographical area. Nadel's original grouping of material within each envelope is retained. The envelopes often contain a mixture of subjects and projects, and each group is therefore classified according to the preponderance of the visual materials contained within it. However, the notes on these envelopes and the accompanying note cards do not always reflect the subject matter of the negatives and prints contained in them.
Urban Redevelopment Commission, 1949-1955
box folder
2 27 Tour, 1949 April 26, 59 items (28 negatives, 29 contact prints, 2 envelopes)
Participants included Brock, Sasesman [?], Rhea, and Holtzendorf. Also includes a view of the Cole Hotel.
2 28 Santa Fe area, 1950 December 28 50 items (23 negatives, 23 contact prints, 3 note cards, 1 envelope)
Houses, backyards, and rooftop views of Damon, Mateo, E. Eighth, Santa Fe, Enterprise, and Hunter streets.
box folder
3 1 Olympic area, 1950 December 29 46 items (21 negatives, 21 contact prints, 3 note cards, 1 envelope)
Houses and alleyways in Wilston, Elwood, Lawrence, and Channing streets.
3 2 Parking lots and the Fourth St. ramp, 1955 August 9 24 items (11 negatives, 12 envelopes, 1 note card)
Bunker Hill Renewal Project, 1951-1956
The 133-acre Bunker Hill Urban Renewal Project, conceived as a project to raze the once-stately Victorian neighborhood in downtown Los Angeles and to reinvent it as a business district, was begun by the CRA in 1955. Currently bounded by First St. on the north, Hill St. on the east, Fifth St. on the south, and the Harbor Freeway on the west, Bunker Hill was developed as an upscale residential area beginning in 1867. The steep streets of the hill were initially accessed by horse-drawn carriage service. In 1901, Angels Flight, a two-block funicular railway that ran up and down a two block stretch of the hill, was opened for service.
The Bunker Hill community thrived into the 1920s and 30s when the trolley lines of the Pacific Electric Railway Company increasing began to lure its residents out to the new "street car suburbs" such as Angelino Heights, Highland Park, and West Hollywood. Movement out of the area was furthered by the development of Los Angeles's freeway system which created easy access to the city from Beverly Hills, Pasadena, and other new upscale areas. As the hill's wealthier residents departed, the Queen Anne and Eastlake-style mansions they left behind were subdivided into housing for pensioners and lower income workers arriving from the American Midwest, Europe, and Mexico. With the building of new rooming houses and residence hotels the area became ever more densely crowded. Landlords profited, but did little to maintain their lodgings, and the hillside area further slide into decline as the property owners turned a blind eye to the criminal element among their tenents.
By 1955, in an effort to remove crime and poverty from a neighborhood that had already been long-used as a setting for crime novels and film noir movies, the CRA determined to clear Bunker Hill by ridding the area of the dilapidated buildings that housed its 9,000 residents. For the hill's residents it was a slippery slope. They were displaced without relocation assistance and the land was sold for private and public civic development.
Nadel documented conditions on Bunker Hill for the CRA between 1951 and 1956, capturing its streets, traffic, residents, and interior and exterior housing conditions. In so doing his photographs provided the CRA with the evidence it needed to support the hill's redevelopment. The Bunker Hill Urban Renewal Project was adopted by the city on March 31, 1959. It is the longest redevelopment project in Los Angeles history.
Notecards and annotations on the original envelopes contain information on housing conditions, rents charged, and occupancy. There are also frequent observations on the occupants including names, ages, occupations, length of tenancy, and other family matters. Other general topics noted are land use, alleyways, traffic, and street conditions.
box folder
3 3 Bunker Hill scale model (Babcock report), 1951 January 17 12 items (3 negatives, 6 contact prints, 2 note cards, 1 envelope)
Prints and negatives do not match.
3 4 First to Fifth streets, Flower to Hill streets, 1951 March 1 71 items (24 negatives, 23 contact prints, 22 envelopes, 2 note cards)
For CRA study.
3 5 First and Olive to Second and Hill streets area, 1952 April 14 21 items (10 negatives, 10 contact prints, 1 envelope)
3 6 Bunker Hill, First, Second, Olive, and Hill streets area, 1952 June 5 7 items (3 negatives, 3 contact prints, 1 envelope)
3 7 Aerials, 1955 November 15 19 items (18 negatives, 1 envelope)
Includes six negatives of an older white couple on a porch and one negative of an older white man leaning on a porch rail.
3 8 Fremont Ave., Figueroa St., 1955 September 16 41 items (19 negatives, 20 envelopes, 2 note cards)
Also includes First, S. Olive, and Hill streets. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 1-17.
3 9 W. Second and Hope streets, 100 S. Olive St., 1955 September 21 6 items (2 negatives, 1 note card, 3 envelopes)
Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 22-23.
3 10 122 S. Olive St., 1955 September 20 10 items (4 negatives, 5 envelopes, 1 note card)
Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 18-21. Interior images with a woman and two little girls.
3 11 W. Second St. area, 1955 September 21-1955 September 22 55 items (26 negatives, 27 envelopes, 2 note cards)
Also includes views of First, Third, Olive, Figueroa, Flower, and other streets. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 24-44. Images include views of a school and playground at Second and Hope streets; people sitting on park benches in an empty lot; street conditions; and tenements.
3 12 134 Fremont Ave., 1955 September 21-1955 September 22 35 items (17 negatives, 18 envelopes)
Also includes First and Figueroa streets, 131 S. Olive Ct., 719 W. Second St., and 255 S. Bunker Hill. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 45a-53. Images of residents, including children playing in areas behind housing and in empty lots.
3 13 Clay St., 1955 September 27 16 items (7 negatives, 1 note card, 8 envelopes)
Also includes Fourth, Olive, Hill, Second, and Third streets. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 54-60. Images of housing, streets, parking lots, and Angels Flight.
3 14 Figueroa St., 1955 September 29 13 items (6 negatives, 7 envelopes)
Includes 334 S. Figueroa, 350 S. Figueroa, W. Third and S. Figueroa, and 448 S. Bunker Hill. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 61-66.
3 15 209 S. Olive St., 1955 September 29 25 items (11 negatives, 12 envelopes, 2 note cards)
Also includes 345 S. Clay St. and 133 S. Hope St. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 67-77. Interior shots and living conditions, some including the residents.
3 16 Slums, 1955 September 30 22 items (10 negatives, 11 envelopes, 1 note card)
Addresses and streets include 308 S. Flower; 217 S. Grand; 334 S. Figueroa; 135 S. Grand; 820 W. First; 355 S. Bunker Hill; and Clay St. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 78-87a. Mostly interior shots, many with residents.
3 17 Substandard housing, 1955 October 5 24 items (11 negatives, 12 envelopes, 1 note card)
Addresses include 245 S. Bunker Hill; 224 S. Olive; 209 S. Bunker Hill; 316 S. Clay; 416 S. Grand; 218 S. Olive; 416 S. Grand; and 237 S. Flower. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 88-98. Images include residents depicted in their interiors; details of substandard conditions and decay.
3 18 Substandard and poor housing, 1955 October 6 17 items (7 negatives, 8 envelopes, 2 note cards)
Addresses include 433 S. Hope; 119 S. Grand; 724 W. First; 314 S. Olive; and 237 S. Bunker Hill. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 99-105. Primarily interior views.
3 19 Slums, stores, alleys, and street conditions, 1955 October 8-1955 October 10 36 items (16 negatives, 17 envelopes, 2 note cards, 1 note)
Addresses and streets include W. First; 135 S. Olive; 120 S. Grand; 520-530 W. First; 120 S. Bunker Hill; 125 S. Olive; 334 S. Figueroa (Sack Alley); alley at Clay and W. Fourth; 332 S. Figueroa; 125 S. Olive; 119 S. Olive; 638 W. First; 315 S. Bunker Hill; and First and Olive. Includes street conditions viewed from 101 N. Bunker Hill. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 106-121. File name is a compilation of keywords written on the numerous envelopes.
box folder
4 1 Playgrounds, substandard, poor, and acceptable housing, traffic, and general views, 1955 October 18 45 items (21 negatives, 2 note cards, 22 envelopes)
Addresses include 334 S. Figueroa; 502 W. First; 638 W. First; 330 S. Grand; 251 S. Olive; 515 W. Second; 447 S. Hope; 315 S. Olive ;350 S. Figueroa; 245 S. Flower. Includes views of Sack Alley; traffic at Fourth and Hillside; S. Flower; W. First and Third streets. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 122-139. File name is a compilation of keywords written on the numerous envelopes.
4 2 General views, traffic, playgrounds, 1955 October 19 29 items (14 negatives, 15 envelopes)
View from W. Fifth and S. Figueroa looking northeast; traffic on S. Figueroa from Fourth St. ramp looking north; ramp at Fourth; Fourth and S. Flower hillside; playground at rear of 119 S. Olive; playground next to 334 S. Figueroa. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 140-148. Views include parking lots and children sliding down small dirt slopes on cardboard. File name is a compilation of keywords written on the numerous envelopes.
4 3 Traffic, land use, housing (poor, substandard, slums) and street conditions, shopping, and recreation, 1955 October 26 52 items (25 negatives, 26 envelopes, 1 note card)
Views of traffic include W. Third from the Third St. tunnel and the intersection of S. Figueroa and W. First. Housing addresses include 107 S. Bunker Hill; 700 W. First; 255 S. Bunker Hill; 237 S. Flower; rear of 224 S. Olive; 316 S. Clay; 218 S. Olive; 314 S. Olive, 218 S. Bunker Hill, 133 S. Hope, 245 S. Flower, and 209 S. Olive. Images documenting land use include 638 W. First from the rear; Clay St. looking northwest from 328 Clay; and W. Second and S. Hill looking north. Also included are street conditions at W. Third St. and S. Hope; the alleyway at Olive Court; and views of shop fronts, children playing, and adults sitting along a ledge in Pershing Square.
Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 149-174. File name is a compilation of keywords written on the numerous envelopes.
4 4 Traffic and general views, 1955 October 26 14 items (6 negatives, 7 envelopes, 1 note card)
Views of traffic at W. First and S. Olive, and S. Olive, Fourth, and fifth streets. General views taken from the Edison building looking north and from the 1100 block of Huntley Dr. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 175-179.
4 5 Housing (acceptable, poor, substandard) and street conditions, 1955 October 31 30 items (13 negatives, 14 envelopes, 3 note cards)
Housing addresses include 330 S. Grand; 416 S. Grand; 251 S. Olive; 248 S. Olive; 210 S. Flower; 337 S. Hope; 210 S. Grand; 237-9 S. Bunker Hill; 333 S. Clay; and 317 S. Olive. Street conditions are shown from 327 S. Hope looking north and at W. Third St. and S. Olive looking west from Angels Flight. Also includes traffic at the northeast corner of W. Second and S. Hope. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 180-192. File name is a compilation of keywords written on the numerous envelopes.
4 6 Shopping, 1955 November 29 26 items (12 negatives, 13 envelopes, 1 note card)
Shopping areas in and around Bunker Hill. Also includes views of Pershing Square; Angels Flight; a general view from Bay and W. First looking sothwest; and street conditions near the Second Street tunnel. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 193-204.
4 7 People, 1955 November 9 15 items (7 negatives, 8 envelopes)
People on Third St.; Grand St.; W. Fourth St.; and S. Clay St. People are depicted outdoors; walking; shopping; sitting on park benches in an empty lot; and reading. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 205-211.
4 8 County garage, 1956 January 12 6 items (1 negative, 1 envelope, 4 note cards)
Located at W. Second and S. Hill streets. Group numbered Bunker Hill 2, 217a.
Temple area, 1948-1957, undated
Includes interior and exterior residential views of the 180-acre Temple Street area on the northwest border of Bunker Hill which was a fashionable residential neighborhood in the late-nineteenth century.
box folder
4 9 Mr. and Mrs. Wilcox, 717 Temple, 1948 August 23 1 item (1 envelope)
Empty envelope numbered A-532.
4 10 1138 Colton and 146 N Beaudry, 1956 August 16 items (6 negatives, 7 envelopes, 3 note cards)
Group numbered Temple 2a-7b. Includes views of a kitchen with several small children.
4 11 General views, land use and streets, and public and residential buildings, 1956 August 14-1957 November 16 37 items (18 negatives, 19 envelopes)
General views from 110 Boylston; Glendale Blvd. and Colton; Flower and Court; Huntley Dr. and W. Second; and from Huntley Dr. Streets and terrain at Temple St. from the Harbor Freeway; W. First and Douglas; Toluca, and the Second St. Bridge from Beverly Blvd. and Lucas. Land use at W. First and Fremont; from Court and Douglas to Glendale Blvd.; and W. Second to Huntley Dr. near Beaudry. Public buildings include the Echo Park library at Glendale Blvd. and Temple, and the Board of Education Employment Office on N. Temple. Residential addresses include 1142 Mignonette; 1138 Colton; and 1145 Court. Also included are a recreation area at 912 Diamond; shopping on the corner of Temple and Fremont; and apartment interiors. Group numbered Temple 31-48.
4 12 Residential, 1956 August 14-1957 November 18 17 items (8 negatives, 9 envelopes)
Residential interiors and exteriors at 133 1/2 and 146 N. Beaudry; 1551 Court; 1350 Temple; 301 N. Figueroa; 811 Temple; and 1134 Angelina. Images show interior housing conditions, the Raymond Inn hotel and annex, and housing exteriors. Land use at Court and Toluca. Group numbered Temple 49-56.
Interiors, 1957
box folder
4 13 Slums (interiors), 1957 July 25 3 items (1 envelope, 2 note cards)
4 14 Residential interiors, 1957 November 25 25 items (12 negatives, 13 envelopes)
Residential buildings on Angelina, Diamond, Fremont, and Colton streets. Mostly unpeopled interiors, with two views of little children sitting along a driveway or alley between two buildings. Group numbered Temple 106-111b.
4 15 Streets, public and residential buildings, 1957 November 14 23 items (11 negatives, 12 envelopes)
General views of streets include the Colton and Court streets area, and the northeast corner of Diamond and N. Figueroa. Residential exteriors at 327 N. Fremont; 911 (Rex Apartments), 912 and 916 Diamond; 212, 218, and 255 N. Fremont. Public buildings include the County Health Building, N. Figueroa, and Municipal Power and Light, 110 S. Boylston. Recreation includes the church playground behind 200 N. Beaudry. Group numbered Temple 1-11a.
4 16 Streets and alleys, land use and terrain, public and residential buildings, 1957 November 15 39 items (19 negatives, 20 envelopes)
Streets include the intersections of Colton and Douglas and Boylston and Colton, and Glendale Blvd. Alleys between Colton and First and Douglas and Edgeware; Court and Colton; and Toluca and Douglas. Land use and terrain conditions at Court and Douglas; between Edgeware and Toluca; between Colton and Court; Douglas; Council and Glendale Blvd.; and 1139 W. Second. Commercial buildings at N. Beaudry and W. First. Public buildings include the Los Angeles Deptartment of Water and Power, 1216 W. First, and the Cortez Street School at 1321 Cortez. Housing at 383, 387, and 391 Douglas; 1020 Colton; and 1420 Temple. Public recreation area at Glendale Blvd. and Temple. Group numbered Temple, 12a-30a.
4 17 Land use, shopping, residential, and recreation, 1957 November 21 49 items (24 negatives, 25 envelopes)
Includes Temple Beaudry, Court, Fremont, Colton, Rockwood, Figueroa, Patton, and W. Second streets; and Glendale Blvd. Also includes Boylston market and a general view of the Temple Street area. Group numbered Temple 57-80.
box folder
5 1 Residential and commercial buildings, shopping, land use, recreational, streets and alleys, 1957 November 21 43 items (21 negatives, 22 envelopes)
Group numbered Temple 81-104. Missing negatives 102, 103, and 104. Images of people include little kids sitting on a backyard fence; apartment residents; a street cobbler; neighbors talking in the street.
box folder
12 1 Views and housing, undated 22 items (21 slides, 1 slide box)
35mm color slides. Images include oil derricks in residential areas; exterior housing conditioons; housing interiors with and without residents; debris and trash; and street views.
Ann Street, 1952-1956
The 33-acre Ann Street Redevelopment Project, approved by Los Angeles Mayor Norris C. Poulson in 1954, was the first redevelopment plan in the state of California, and the CRA's first project. Located approximately one mile northeast of City Hall, the 33 acre area encompassing an eight block radius and comprising residential and other types of buildings was cleared to create new industrial spaces and expand existing businesses. Ann Street runs perpendicular to Spring Street and Main Street, from the Cornfields (now Los Angeles State Historic Park) to William Mead Homes. The area is bounded by North Spring, Mesnager, North Main, Llewellyn, and Rondout Streets.
box folder
5 2 Houses, 1952 June 18 53 items (17 negatives, 17 contact prints, 1 note card, 18 envelopes)
Primarily front and rear views of housing.
5 3 Demolition ceremony, 1956 January 11 23 items (22 negatives, 1 envelope)
Demolition ceremony in 1956 including Mayor Norris C. Paulson and Councilman Ernest E. Debs watching the first stages of demolition. Also includes views of workers engaged in the various processes of demolition.
Alameda area, 1952
box folder
5 4 Houses and commercial buildings, 1952 June 12 64 items (21 negatives, 21 contact prints, 22 envelopes)
Includes the following streets in the Alameda area: Alameda; Commercial; Hewitt; Garey; Vignes; Jackson; and DuCom[___]. Exterior views of housing and mixed use areas.
5 5 Gas tank, 1952 November 18 6 items (5 negatives, 1 envelope)
Also includes the area around Second and Hill streets, and City Hall and a rendering of the propsed redeveloment of the area.
box folder
13 4 Correspondence and notes, 1951-1998, undated 3 items
Includes a letter from Percival G. Hart, executive director, CRA Los Angeles to Howard Holtzendorff, executive director, HACLA, and a note on the verso of an advertising card regarding negatives related to the CRA.
Series I.C. Various subjects, undated 0.5 Linear Feet
Leonard Nadel photographs of various subjects, undated

This subseries encompasses a variety of topics and subject matter related to public housing. The photographs were most likely made by Nadel during the period when he worked for HACLA and documented CRA projects, but specific projects have not been identified.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged thematically, by subject, or by the names of known individuals.
box folder
5 6 Monsignor O'Dwyer, undated 4 items (1 negative, 2 envelopes, 1 print)
Monsignor Thomas J. O'Dwyer, an ardent supporter of public housing, was the Director of Health and Hospitals for the Archdiocese of Los Angeles for 40 years. He was also the chairman of the Citizens' Housing Council and member of the Governor's Advisory Commission on Housing Problems.
5 7 Discrimination, undated 2 items (1 negative, 1 envelope)
Sign on fire escape landing rail of apartment building reads: Nice rooms and apartments for white [sic] only.
5 8 First African Methodist Episcopal Church (1st AME) congregation, undated 4 items (3 negatives, 1 envelope)
Three views of the congregation during a service. Note on envelope: Not used.
5 9 Ed Davenport, undated (4 negatives, 4 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Ed J. Davenport was the controversial council member for the Los Angeles City Council District 12 seat, when the district included Bunker Hill and northwest downtown, with its east and north boundaries at Glendale Boulevard and at Sunset Boulevard. He was "an ardent foe of public housing and of Communism."
5 10 Richard Lewis, undated 5 items (4 negatives, 1 envelope)
Richard Lewis, a Black musician who was blind, performing at Sixteenth and Central streets.
5 11 Blind female folk singer, undated 11 items (7 negatives, 3 contact prints, 1 envelope)
Two occupational portraits of a Black female folk singer who is blind. The writing around her hatband reads: Israel must repent. Also included are views of a family in their home, interiors showing living conditions, housing behind City Hall, and burned out buildings.
5 12 People, powerlines, and views, undated 19 items (19 negatives and two envelopes)
Unidentified subjects and locations. Images include women and men sitting outside; boys playing in the street; a boy and a dog playing on a dirt hill with oil rigs on it; a man sitting on a balcony; two little girls on the steps of an apartment house; a street cobbler; people talking on the sidewalk; views of oil rigs and power lines; housing exteriors; rear views of housing and trash; and street views taken from above.
5 13 Storefronts and people on streets, undated 10 items (8 negatives, 2 envelopes)
Images include a corner street view with the Angels Flight Cafe; pedestrians crossing the street near the Angel's Flight kiosk and passengers exiting the Angels Flight railway; scenes outside the Penny Stores; and people talking on the street or sitting outside. One envelope reads: Comm. Redev. Agency.
13 18 Watts, 1990, undated 7 pamphlet(s)
Seven copies of the pamphlet Watts '65 commemorating the 25th anniversary of the Watts rebellion. One 4x5 negative of a Black boy crying.


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